analogy


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Analogy

The inference that two or more things that are similar to each other in some respects are also similar in other respects.

An analogy denotes that similarity exists in some characteristics of things that are otherwise not alike.

In a legal argument, an analogy may be used when there is no precedent (prior case law close in facts and legal principles) in point. Reasoning by analogy involves referring to a case that concerns unrelated subject matter but is governed by the same general principles and applying those principles to the case at hand.

analogy

noun affinity, agreement, close relation, close resemblance, common feature, comparability, congruity, correlation, correspondence, homology, like quality, likeness, logical relation, parallel relation, parallelism, parity, partial similarity, point in common, point of resemblance, points of comparison, relation, relativeness, relativity, resemblance, semblance, similar appearance, similar form, similar relation, similarity, similitude, symmetry
Foreign phrases: De similibus ad similia eadem ratione procedendum est.Proceeding in similar matters we are to proceed by the same rule.
See also: collation, comparison, connection, correspondence, parity, relation, relationship, resemblance

ANALOGY, construction. The similitude of relations which exist between things compared.
     2. To reason analogically, is to draw conclusions based on this similitude of relations, on the resemblance, or the connexion which is perceived between the objects compared. "It is this guide," says Toollier, which leads the law lawgiver, like other men, without his observing it. It is analogy which induces us, with reason, to suppose that, following the example of the Creator of the universe, the lawgiver has established general and uniform laws, which it is unnecessary to repeat in all analogous cases." Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 1, c. 1. Vide Ang. on Adv. Enjoym. 30, 31; Hale's Com. Law, 141.
     3. Analogy has been declared to be an argument or guide in forming legal judgments, and is very commonly a ground of such judgments. 7 Barn. & Cres. 168; 3 Bing. R. 265; 8 Bing R. 557, 563; 3 Atk. 313; 1 Eden's R. 212; 1 W. Bl. 151; 6 Ves. jr. 675, 676; 3 Swanst. R. 561; 1 Turn. & R. 103, 338; 1 R. & M. 352, 475, 477; 4 Burr. R. 1962; 2022, 2068; 4 T. R. 591; 4 Barn. & Cr. 855; 7 Dowl. & Ry. 251; Cas. t. Talb. 140; 3 P. Wms. 391; 3 Bro. C. C. 639, n.

References in periodicals archive ?
Three major themes ran through the rest of the workshop: formal analogy, adaptation and abstraction, and design by analogy.
The relevance of this paper is that the application of the electrostatic analogy for the formulation and testing of numerical algorithms for solving magnetostatic problems of magnetized bodies leads to difficulties associated with a lack of clarity in well-known publications.
Anderson rehabilitates a classical understanding of analogy by exploring three essays in the history of science journal Isis.
But the sweets-are-men analogy and the Skittles-are-refugees analogies are also different.
To encourage research on analogy, Forbus's team is releasing the SME source code and a 5,000-example corpus, which includes comparisons drawn from visual problem solving, textbook problem solving, and moral decision making.
In other words, the dance teacher in Art IMPACT Middle School used personal analogy to compare dance movement to the understanding of the body system by which oxygen moves to the heart.
Another issue with the analogy is that it is not possible to disprove the hypothesis.
Analogy is central to Linnaeus's method of botanical classification and his aim to capture the essence of a plant's biology through genus naming.
Avicenna's paradigmatic example of analogy is existence (wujucl).
Perhaps Kasich will be able to break out from the crowd and from that historic analogy.
Schonborn and Anderson (2008) proposed that it is very important to explicitly explain the relationships between analogy and target concepts to ensure that students interpreted the analogy as relational understanding instead of as a literal depiction of reality.
Acknowledging and setting aside the comparatively sterile notion of proportional analogy (A is to B as C is to D), Hofstadter and Sander define analogy as "the selective exploitation of past experiences to shed light on new and unfamiliar things belonging to another domain.