antecedent

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antecedent

adjective antecedens, anterior, first, fore, foregoing, forerunning, former, going beeore in time, inaugural, introductory, precedent, precursive, precursory, pre-existent, prefatory, preliminary, prelusive, preparatory, prevenient, prior
Associated concepts: antecedent creditors, antecedent debt, preexisting debts, preexisting liabilities

antecedent

noun ancestor, ancestry, before mennioned, derivation, forerunner, former, last, lineage, original, patriarch, pedigree, pioneer, precedent, precursor, preliminary, premise, primogenitor, progenitor, stock
See also: aforesaid, ascendant, before mentioned, derivation, forerunner, former, initial, last, original, preceding, precursory, predecessor, previous, primogenitor, prior, progenitor, sine qua non

ANTECEDENT. Something that goes before. In the construction of laws, agreements, and the like, reference is always to be made to the last antecedent; ad proximun antecedens fiat relatio. But not only the antecedents but the subsequent clauses of the instrument must be considered: Ex antecedentibus et consequentibus fit optima interpretatio.

References in periodicals archive ?
Since the demand is that we take a more serious look at the first antinomy, then we need to consider the proof for the antithesis, given again as: "as beginning is an existence which is preceded by a time in which the thing is not, it would follow that antecedently there was a time in which the world was not, that is, an empty time.
An expression of a man's will is authoritative only if that will is antecedently authoritative.
There be some things in the world that antecedently to any contract or pact a Man hath an undoubted property in, that may not be (a) without natural injustice and violation of the Law of Nature be causelesly invaded by another, as every Man hath an unquestionable property in his own life, and in his own self; And therefore if for the purpose A gives himself up to the propriety of B.
The distinctively philosophical answer is that nothing can have a moral claim upon us that has not antecedently won cognitive allegiance.
methods to which we have antecedently committed ourselves.
It is not clear why it is antecedently more likely that I will commit future robberies because I hate my victims, rather than that (for example) I desire their money.
R]egulative rules regulate antecedently or independently existing
In designing a bank to provide maximal coverage, we do not deprive those with uncommon haplotypes of a benefit to which they are antecedently entitled or ask them to make sacrifices from which they cannot expect to benefit.
Among other things, most people are subject to "confirmation bias," in accordance with which exposure to a competing position will not dislodge and may even strengthen the antecedently held position.
Rather it is a dispositional potentiality, one which is antecedently structured by its own past free decisions to manifest itself in this way rather than that way.
But it is more difficult to see how purely rational considerations, which find their source in deliberation rather than in antecedently given inclinations, could as well.
C] to do, and in doing it, one can only appeal to personal values as grounds for rejecting them--and the effect of this is that deciding the balance of the reasons that derive from personal values has to be done antecedently to deciding how to act in the light of all the reasons that obtain.