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A form of expression consisting of a coherent set of reasons presenting or supporting a point of view; a series of reasons given for or against a matter under discussion that is intended to convince or persuade the listener.

For example, an argument by counsel consists of a presentation of the facts or evidence and the inferences that may be drawn therefrom, which are aimed at persuading a judge or jury to render a verdict in favor of the attorney's client.

An attorney may begin to develop an argument in the Opening Statement, the initial discussion of the case in which the facts and the pertinent law are stated. In most cases, however, an attorney sets forth the main points of an argument in the closing argument, which is the attorney's final opportunity to comment on the case before a judge or jury retires to begin deliberation on a verdict.


(Contention), noun altercation, belligerency, bickering, breach, clashing, conflict, contentiousness, controversy, cross-purposes, debate, difference of opinion, disaccord, disagreement, discord, disputation, dispute, dissension, dissent, disunion, disunity, division, divisiveness, feud, hard feelings, hostility, ill feeling, ill will, lack of concord, opposition, oral contention, polemics, quarrel, quarreling, strife, variance, verbal conflict, war of words, wrangle, wrangling
Associated concepts: a posteriori, a priori, apex juris
Foreign phrases: In rebus manifestis, errat qui auctoritates legum allegat; quia perspicua vera non sunt probanda.In clear cases, he errs who cites legal authorities because obbious truths are manifest and do not have to be proved. Argumentum ab inconvenienti est validum in lege; quia lex non permittit aliquod inconveniens. An argument drawn from what is inconvenient is good in law, because the law will not permit any inconvenience.


(Pleading), noun argument at the bar, counterstatement, course of reasoning, defense, discourse designed to convince, disputation, expression of opinion for or against, plea, pleading, rationale, refutation, statement of defense, statement offered in proof, statement tending to prove a point, submission
Associated concepts: argument submitted to the court, clossng argument, equittable argument, legal argument, opennng argument, oral argument, preargument statement
Foreign phrases: In rebus manifestis, errat qui auctoriiates legum allegat; quia perspicua vera non sunt probanda.In clear cases, he errs who cites legal authoriiies because obvious truths are manifest and do not have to be proved.
See also: altercation, basis, brief, conflict, confrontation, contest, contravention, disaccord, disagreement, discourse, disparity, dispute, dissent, dissidence, item, persuasion, pleading, point, reason, remonstrance, rift, thesis

ARGUMENT, practice. Cicero defines it ii probable reason proposed in order to induce belief. Ratio probabilis et idonea ad faciendam fidem. The logicians define it more scientifically to be a means, which by its connexion between two extremes) establishes a relation between them. This subject belongs rather to rhetoric and logic than to law.

References in periodicals archive ?
This argument states that if cars are banned from city centers, then people will have no option but to walk.
Somehow, you need to return back to the Function Arguments dialog for the MATCH formula that is still in progress.
However, we also found that the serial argument goal measure that we had initially used in both conditions could not form reliable scales in the non-serial argument condition, suggesting that serial argument goals may be specific to that form of argument (Bevan et al.
Issuance of the tentative opinion before oral argument has significantly reduced the time spent on oral argument in two ways.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Arguments are tricky and we spend a lot of our time trying to persuade others.
Let us see what happens when argument (2) is treated under quantificational first order calculus.
Ad hominem attacks on sources of inconvenient facts also are a powerful tool in modern argument.
Joseph Tybor, the court's press secretary, noted that the court has allowed the news media, upon request made at least five days in advance, to bring cameras and audiotaping devices to the court to record oral arguments since the 1980s.
Many lawyers also believe that oral argument is not important.
In my talk, I focused on this filter version of the design argument because I was scheduled to speak with Dembski, and because this version makes it easier to highlight which portions of the Intelligent Design theory are "scientific" even under narrow definitions of "science.
For Graff, placing one's argument into dialogue with other arguments in response to a "problem" is the crux of academic writing.
This argument was very publicly made to Canadians in 2001, when the Law Commission of Canada published its report, Beyond Conjugality.