hallucination

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HALLUCINATION, med. jur. It is a species of mania, by which "an idea reproduced by the memory is associated and embodied by the imagination." This state of mind is sometimes called delusion or waking dreams.
     2. An attempt has been made to distinguish hallucinations from illusions; the former are said to be dependent on the state of the intellectual organs and, the latter, on that of those of sense. Ray, Med. Jur. Sec. 99; 1 Beck, med. Jur. 538, note. An instance is given of a temporary hallucination in the celebrated Ben Johnson, the poet. He told a friend of his that he had spent many a night in looking at his great toe, about which he had seen Turks and Tartars, Romans and Carthagenians, fight, in his imagination. 1 Coll. on Lun. 34. If, instead of being temporary, this affection of his mind had been permanent, he would doubtless have been considered insane. See, on the subject of spectral illusions, Hibbert, Alderson and Farrar's Essays; Scott on Demonology, &c.; Bostock's Physiology, vol. 3, p. 91, 161; 1 Esquirol, Maladies Mentales, 159.

References in periodicals archive ?
The most common unusual experiences that require explanation are auditory hallucinations.
In up to 25% of cases, auditory hallucinations are resistant to antipsychotic medical treatment, and even when they do respond, they are the last symptom to remit, and often, the first to reappear, said Dr.
These lasted over the last 2 years, worsening during the last 6 months to the point of mood congruent auditory hallucinations.
She made a dramatic improvement on estrogen, and went from being unable to even attend to her personal hygiene, constant auditory hallucinations and paranoia to now being able to work and live independently," the investigator recounted.
The young man's history of visual and auditory hallucinations caused his family great concern.
Because of illogical thinking, delusions or auditory hallucinations, many of the mentally ill cannot comprehend the rules of jails and prisons and this has predictable, and sometimes tragic, consequences.
While intra-familial conflicts can overwhelm a person's coping capacities, especially that of a teenager, the extremity of a completed suicide is usually the end result of a dangerous and deadly mental disease such as, for example, mania, or auditory hallucinations.
And Researchers at Australia's Howard Florey Institute are using Star-P to rapidly analyze large MRI datasets that may someday reveal correlations between brain structure and conditions such as ADHD, Alzheimer's, auditory hallucinations and primal urges (e.
26) However, the DSM-IV specifically notes that clinicians assessing for schizophrenia in socioeconomic or cultural situations different from their own must take cultural differences into account: "In some cultures, visual or auditory hallucinations with a religious content may be a normal part of religious experience (eg, seeing the Virgin Mary or hearing God's voice.
Psychotic patients with a history of auditory hallucinations differ from nonhallucinating patients and normal persons in having poorer "reality testing" (Slade, 1976).
But they claimed he was suffering from auditory hallucinations - voices which were commanding him to kill - which diminished his responsibility in law and meant he was guilty of manslaughter and not murder.
Gonzalez's defence lawyers claimed he was suffering from auditory hallucinations - voices commanding him to kill - which diminished his responsibility in law.