graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

graft

noun blackmail, bribery, corruption, fraudulent income, hush money, illegal profit, illicit profit, illicit revenue, inserere, kickback, money illegally accuired, political corruption, profiteering, property illegally acquired, unjust acquisition, unlawful gain
Associated concepts: bribery, corruption, official misconduct
See also: bribe, connect, corruption, crime, gratuity, hush money, improbity, spoils

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

References in periodicals archive ?
Autogenous bone grafts are the gold standard for reconstruction of maxillofacial defects.
Autogenous bone grafts are considered as the gold standard for bone replacement, mainly because they offer minimum immunological rejection, complete histocompatibility and provide the best osteoconductive, osteogenic and osteoinductive properties (7).
Despite a trend toward the application of biomaterials, stem cells, and growth factors, autogenous bone grafts are superior to currently available commercial grafts, because of their unique osteoinductive and osteoconductive qualities.
These different autogenous bone grafts are "golden standard" for reconstruction procedures because they provide osteogenic cells, but they are of limited quantity and connected with risk of complications on donor site (Ellis III, 2003).
The undesirable effects observed in anterior lumbar spine fusion patients were generally representative of the morbidity associated with spine fusion using autogenous bone graft taken from the iliac crest.
The iliac crest is a common site for autogenous bone graft harvest.
The faculty agreed that the use of the BoneScalpel leads to a safer, more efficient surgical experience with repeatable reduction in blood loss and an increase in the amount of viable autogenous bone graft harvested.
The spacers are made of PEEK Optima (polyetheretherketone) radiolucent material and feature a large axial lumen to maximize the area for packing autogenous bone graft and enable fusion to occur through the spacer, according to the company.
While allogenic bone grafts avoid donor site morbidity and provide an osteoconductive framework, they lack the osteoinductive properties associated with autogenous bone graft.
The most widely used technique for the reconstruction of a bone defect is the use of autogenous bone graft.