assembly

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Assembly

The congregation of a number of persons at the same location.

Popularly-elected Political assemblies are those mandated by the Constitution and laws, such as the general assembly.

The lower, or more populous, arm of the legislature in several states is also known as the House of Assembly or the Assembly.

Under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution, "Congress shall make no law … abridging … the right of the people peaceably to assemble." When a governmental unit sets aside property for the public use, the property is designed as a "public forum" for First Amendment purposes, and the governmental unit must properly allow the exercise by the public of constitutional rights, including freedom of assembly. Examples of public forums include sidewalks, parks, and libraries. The right to assemble includes the right to protest, although rights of assembly are generally balanced with the need for public order. The Supreme Court has held that local governments may constitutionally require those participating in public parades first to obtain a permit to do so. However, the Court has held that an organizer of a parade cannot constitutionally examine the content of a message of a parade applicant in determining whether to grant to parade permit. Forsyth County, Ga. v. Nationalist Movement, 505 U.S. 123, 112 S. Ct. 2395, 120 L. Ed. 2d 101 (1992).

Cross-references

First Amendment; Freedom of Speech; Public Lands.

assembly

noun aggregation, assemblage, body, collection, company, conclave, concourse, conference, congregation, consilium, convention, conventus, convocation, crowd, gathering, group, mass, meeting, multitude
See also: aggregate, assemblage, body, caucus, chamber, collection, company, conference, conglomeration, congregation, congress, cumulation, legislature, manufacture, meeting, parley, rendezvous, selection, session

assembly

gathering or associating with others. Freedom of assembly is a European HUMAN RIGHT under Article 11, applicable in the UK.

See UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLY, RIOT, EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS.

ASSEMBLY. The union of a number of persons in the same place. There are several kinds of assemblies.
     2. Political assemblies, or those authorized by the constitution and laws; for example, the general assembly, which includes the senate and house of representatives; the meeting of the electors of the president and vice- president of the United States, may also be called an assembly.
     3. Popular assemblies are those where the people meet to deliberate upon their rights; these are guaranteed by the constitution. Const. U. S. Amend. art. 1 Const. of Penn. art. 9, s. 20.
     4. Unlawful assemblies. An unlawful assembly is the meeting of three or more persons to do an unlawful act, although they may not carry their purpose into execution. It differs from a riot or rout, (q.v.) because in each of the latter cases there is some act done besides the simple meeting.

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