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average

(Midmost), adjective center, centermost, mean, mean proportioned, medial, median, mediate, medium, mid, middle, middle class, middle grade, middlemost, middling
Associated concepts: average annual earnings or wages, avvrage capital, average charges, average daily attendance, average daily balance, average daily wage, average price, average speed, average value, average weekly wage, gennral average, gross average, income averaging, particular average, petty average, simple average

average

(Standard), adjective common, conventional, fair, mediocre, moderate, normal, ordinary, passable, prosaic, stock, typical, unnoteworthy, usual
Associated concepts: average man, average person, average quality
See also: conventional, cross section, customary, general, imperfect, intermediate, marginal, mediocre, mediocrity, mundane, nondescript, norm, normal, ordinary, regular, typical, usual

AVERAGE. A term used in commerce to signify a contribution made by the owners of the ship, freight and goods, on board, in proportion to their respective interests, towards any particular loss or expense sustained for the general safety of the ship and cargo; to the end that the particular loser may not be a greater sufferer than the owner of the ship and the other owners of goods on board. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 7; Code de Com. art. 397; 2 Hov. Supp. to Ves. jr. 407; Poth. Aver. art. Prel.
     2. Average is called general or gross average, because it falls generally upon the whole or gross amount of the ship, freight and cargo; and also to distinguish it from what is often though improperly termed particular average, but which in truth means a particular or partial, and not a general loss; or has no affinity to average properly so called. Besides these there are other small charges, called petty or accustomed averages; such as pilotage, towage, light-money, beaconage, anchorage, bridge toll, quarantine, river charges, signals, instructions, castle money, pier money, digging the ship out of the ice, and the like.
     3. A contribution upon general average can only be claimed in cases where, upon as much deliberate on and consultation between the captain and his officers as the occasion will admit of, it appears that the sacrifice at the time it was made, was absolutely and indispensably necessary for the preservation of the ship and cargo. To entitle the owner of the goods to an average contribution, the loss must evidently conduce to the preservation of the ship and the rest of the cargo; and it must appear that the ship and the rest of the cargo were in fact saved. Show. Ca. Parl. 20. See generally Code de Com. tit. 11 and 12; Park, Ins. c. 6; Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 12, s. 7 4 Mass. 548; 6 Mass. 125; 8 Mass. 467; 1 Caines' R. 196; 4 Dall. 459; 2 Binn. 547 4 Binn. 513; 2 Serg. & Rawle, 237, in note; 2 Serg. & Rawle, 229 3 Johns. Cas. 178; 1 Caines' R. 43; 2 Caines' R. 263; Id. 274; 8 Johns. R. 237, 2d edit 9 Johns. R. 9; 11 Johns. R 315 1 Caines' R. 573; 7 Johns R. 412; Wesk. Ins. tit. Average; 2 Barn. & Crest. 811 1 Rob. Adlm. Rep. 293; 2 New Rep. 378 18 Ves. 187; Lex. Mer. Armer. ch. 9; Bac Abr. Merchant, F; Vin. Abr. Contribution and' Average; Stev. on Av.; Ben. on Av.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1993, fees charged by banks for the yearly rental of such boxes averaged about $16, while they averaged about $18.
The balance of collateral in states which have averaged annual home price appreciation below the national average has increased from 35% of current balance at origination to 46% of current balance in October.
The monthly excess interest has averaged approximately $77,413 during the past three months, and the monthly losses have averaged $291,146 during the same period.
Antelope Valley Union High School District students taking the test averaged 479 on the math and verbal portions of the Scholastic Assessment Test, in which 800 points per section is the maximum.
Sales east of Park Avenue averaged $541 per square foot in 1998, up from $447, versus a rise to $649.
0 feet) within an iron-stained heterolithic tuff which averaged 0.
Local students taking the test averaged 482 on verbal and 491 in math; 800 points per section is the maximum.