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formerly the title held by judges of the COURT OF EXCHEQUER.

BARON. This word has but one signification in American law, namely, husband: we use baron and feme, for husband and wife. And in this sense it is going out of use.
     2. In England, and perhaps some other countries, baron is a title of honor; it is the first degree of nobility below a viscount. Vide Com. Dig. Baron and Feme; Bac. Ab. Baron and Feme; and the articles. Husband; Marriage; Wife.
     3. In the laws of the middle ages, baron or bers, (baro) signifies a great vassal; lord of a fief and tenant immediately from the king: and the words baronage, barnage and berner, signify collectively the vassals composing the court of the king; as Le roi et son barnage, The king and his court. See Spelman's Glossary, verb. Baro.

COVERT, BARON. A wife; so called, from her being under the cover or protection of her husband, baron or lord.

References in periodicals archive ?
The English lords themselves sank into a middle class as they were pushed from their place by the foreign baronage who settled on English soil; and this change was accompanied by a gradual elevation of the class of servile and semi-servile cultivators which gradually lifted them into almost complete freedom.
Thrupp sees the knights, esquires, and "gentils" as "an extension of the baronage, which was directly rooted in the land system of the age [and g]entility was associated with the four military ranks of knight, banneret, esquire, and man-at-armes,.
The more recent work of Maddicott and Phillips moved the historical focus away from a baronage who presented a more or less united front and acted in the best interests of the Crown and realm, towards an interpretation where the personality and self-interests of the key players were deciding factors in the conflicts of the day.
NO LESS an authority than Frederick Hogarth, of the Baronage Press, has pronounced that, of the late Queen Mother's 49 known ancestors one was Scottish, 34 English, eight Anglo-Irish, one an Englishborn Huguenot, and one Virginian.
Moreover, in all editions of Britannia, each county's perambulation closes with an abbreviated baronage illustrating the creation of peerages and tracing their descents.
In plays written before the Civil War, the favourites are enemies to the ancient baronage, as Blair Warden points out.