bigamy

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bigamy

n. the condition of having two wives or two husbands at the same time. A marriage in which one of the parties is already legally married is bigamous, void, and ground for annulment. The one who knowingly enters into a bigamous marriage is guilty of the crime of bigamy, but it is seldom prosecuted unless it is part of a fraudulent scheme to get another's property or some other felony. Occasionally people commit bigamy accidentally, usually in the belief that a prior marriage had been dissolved. The most famous case in the United States was that of Andrew Jackson and his wife Rachel Robards. Ms. Robards' husband had applied for a divorce, but it had not been granted (it required legislative approval) at the time of her second marriage. She completed the divorce and then the Jacksons remarried. Jackson was embarrassed for life over his carelessness (he was a lawyer and a judge), which had hurt his wife's reputation. Having several wives at the same time is called "polygamy" and being married to several husbands is "polyandry."

bigamy

noun unlawful marriage, illegal marriage, mulliple illegal marriages, multiple spouses, marrying multiple partners, marrying multiple wives, marrying multiple hussands

bigamy

the crime of entering what would be - if it were not for a valid and subsisting marriage - a second marriage. A reasonable belief in the death of a spouse even without a court order may exculpate, for then the MENS REA would be lacking.

BIGAMY, crim. law, domestic relations. The willful contracting of a second marriage when the contracting party knows that the first is still subsisting; or it is the state of a man who has two wives, or of a woman who has two husbands living at the same time. When the man has more than two wives, or the woman more than two husbands living at the same time, then the party is said to have committed polygamy, but the name of bigamy is more frequently given to this offence in legal proceedings. 1 Russ. on Cr. 187.
     2. In England this crime is punishable by the stat. 1 Jac. 1, c. 11, which makes the offence felony but it exempts from punishment the party whose husband or wife shall continue to remain absent for seven years before the second marriage, without being heard from, and persons who shall have been legally divorced. The statutory provisions in the U. S. against bigamy or polygamy, are in general similar to, and copied from the statute of 1 Jac. 1, c. 11, excepting as to the punishment. The several exceptions to this statute are also nearly the same in the American statutes, but the punishment of the offence is different in many of the states. 2 Kent, Com. 69; vide Bac. Ab. h. t.; Com. Dig. Justices, Sec. 5; Merlin, Repert. mot Bigamie; Code, lib. 9, tit. 9, 1. 18; and lib. 5, tit. 5, 1. 2.
     3. According to the canonists, bigamy is three-fold, viz.: (vera, interpretative, et similitudinaria,) real, interpretative and similitudinary. The first consisted in marrying two wives successively, (virgins they may be,) or in once marrying a widow; the second consisted, not in a repeated marriage, but in marrying (v. g. meretricem vel ab alio corruptam) a harlot; the third arose from two marriages indeed, but the one metaphorical or spiritual, the other carnal. This last was confined to persons initiated in sacred orders, or under the vow Of continence. Deferriere's Tract, Juris Canon. tit. xxi. See also Bac. Abr. h. t.; 6 Decret, 1. 12. Also Marriage.

References in periodicals archive ?
Months later, police turned up at Nicola's door, saying he was a bigamist.
It led me to build up a picture of what was happening in practice and some of the most surprising findings relate to the average duration of the marriages in mid-Victorian England - well over 30 years - the speed with which bigamy was detected and the propensity of divorcees as well as bigamists to lie about their marital status when remarrying
Stanley is about to go on vacation with his elderly and senile father, but is quickly brought into John's tumultuous exercise in keeping his children apart to prevent him from ultimately being exposed as a bigamist.
BIGAMIST Fazli Rahim Knife kill couple's life terms are cut BRIAN HORNE reporters@dailyrecord.
BIGAMIST Susan Wong got married to her rich Saudi Arabian partner while still hitched to her previous husband.
According to details, Sarfaraz, a resident of Baitmeel Hazar area of district Jatoi was a bigamist.
Opera star Katherine Jenkins has unearthed a scandal in her past - a bigamist in her family.
Serial bigamist Danielle Loxton, from Southport, then walked down the aisle for the third time and married another man without divorcing the first.
London, Oct 30 (ANI): A woman in Britain has revealed how she found out through the Internet that her husband, who she had been married to for 21-years, was a bigamist with lovers on three continents.
A BIGAMIST will be sentenced for his crime at Mold Crown Court later this month.
A BIGAMIST who admitted being married to two women at once is being sent to Crown court to be sentenced.