bill of attainder

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Bill of Attainder

A special legislative enactment that imposes a death sentence without a judicial trial upon a particular person or class of persons suspected of committing serious offenses, such as Treason or a felony.

A bill of attainder is prohibited by Article I, Section 9, Clause 3 of the Constitution because it deprives the person or persons singled out for punishment of the safeguards of a trial by jury.

bill of attainder

n. a legislative act which declares a named person guilty of a crime, particularly treason. Such bills are prohibited by Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution.

bill of attainder

formerly, a legislative act finding a person guilty without trial of treason or felony and declaring him attainted. See ATTAINDER.

BILL OF ATTAINDER, legislation, punishment. An act of the legislature by which one or more persons are declared to be attainted, and their property confiscated.
     2. The Constitution of the United States declares that no state shall pass any bill of attainder.
     3. During the revolutionary war, bills of attainder, and ox post facto acts of confiscation, were passed to a wide extent. The evils resulting from them, in times of more cool reflection, were discovered to have far outweighed any imagined good. Story on Const. Sec. 1367. Vide Attainder; Bill of Pains and Penalties.

References in periodicals archive ?
228) Former Chief Justice William Rehnquist has described a bill of attainder as a "precise legal term[]" that refers to "a legislative act that singled out one or more persons and imposed punishment on them, without benefit of trial.
the passive voice: "No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall
The House of Commons reacted to Goodman's absence by passing a bill of attainder against Fenwick, nullifying the two-witness requirement in his case.
To prevent such, and similar, acts of violence and injustice, I believe, the Federal and State Legislatures, were prohibited from passing any bill of attainder, or any ex post facto law.
Among them is susceptibility to substantive due process and bill of attainder challenges.
Constitution, "No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed"--Marbury v.
I [section] 9 ("No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
A bill of attainder is created when a legislature, instead of a court, finds an individual or easily ascertainable group guilty of some crime and exacts a punishment.
the Bill of Attainder Clause and the Ex Post Facto Clause to prevent the
FACE is akin to a Bill of Attainder, an unconstitutional measure singling out one specific group of people for special punishment.
1, 1787), reprinted in 13 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 524, 528 ("If every thing which is not given is reserved, what propriety is there in these exceptions [no bill of attainder, title of nobility and etc]?