In this study, Caesarean section-delivered infants who are not entering the birth canal
of the mother either lacked or displayed a delayed colonisation of one of the major gut phylum, the Bacteroidetes.
The birth canal
was modelled on the idea of vagina dentata - yes, it has teeth
In other words, the competition between the mother's energy needs and fetal energy needs is what has shaped the length of human gestation, not the competition between the size of the mother's birth canal
and the baby's head, the authors claim.
In addition to bumping up their chances of becoming obese later, large babies are also more likely to get stuck in the birth canal
or need a cesarean section.
Women will wear a small ring that releases antiretroviral drugs in to the birth canal
, blocking HIV transmission for one month.
I was bleeding internally from a hematoma and ruptured varicose veins in the birth canal
after her birth.
Bacteria are passed from mother to child through the birth canal
as well as through breast milk and research indicates that early nutrition may influence the risk of obesity later in life.
A baby is usually first exposed to immune-boosting bacteria in the birth canal
, but the rise in Caesarean births and a decline in breast-feeding leaves them with a poorly-developed immune system which is compounded by parents keeping their children in a "sterile bubble" of anti-bacterial wipes, sprays and antibiotics.
After being told that her baby was stuck in her birth canal
and an emergency cesarean section was performed, she asked her doctor, "What did they do in that situation before there were cesareans?
During the start of second stage you will have an immense urge to push and with each push the baby moves lower in the birth canal
She said: "The first three came along without any problem but the fourth got stuck in the birth canal
and at one point we thought she'd have to have a caesarean.
It was as if she was seeing her face like some lost familiar, as if she was pressing herself down the birth canal
and letting Marianna hold up the mirror.