birth

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Related to birth cohort: Cohort study

birth

(Beginning), noun animation, arrival, creation, debut, embarkation, establishment, genesis, inauguration, inception, incipience, incunabula, infancy, introduction, nascency, onset, origin, origination, ortus, vitalization
Associated concepts: ante natus

birth

(Emergence of young), noun arrival, childbirth, delivery, nativity, parturition, vivification
Associated concepts: birth certificate, birth control, issue, pretermission
Foreign phrases: Non nasci, et natum mori, paria sunt.Not to be born, and to be born dead, are the same.

birth

(Lineage), noun ancestry, bloodline, derivation, descent, extraction, heredity, heritage, inheritance, line, line of descent, parentage, provenance, succession
Associated concepts: birth certificate, legitimacy
Foreign phrases: Qui in utero est pro jam nato habetur, quoties de ejus commodo quaeritur.He who is in the womb is regarded as already born, whenever a question arises for his benefit.
See also: ancestry, bloodline, creation, derivation, descent, family, genesis, inception, lineage, nascency, nationality, onset, origin, origination, outset, parentage, race, source, start

BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

References in periodicals archive ?
The sharp decline in labor force participation for the 1919 birth cohort does not accord with an explanation that relies on Social Security alone.
Using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys, Marigee Bacolod found that from the 1941-45 birth cohort to the 1963-64 birth cohort, the share of teachers scoring above the 80th percentile on the Armed Forces Qualifying Test fell from 50 percent to 10 percent for women and from 20 percent to 10 percent for men.
In addition to supporting the birth cohort based screening recommendation of the CDC, the authors of the article recommend expanding the Check Hep C model to settings with high-risk populations.
Model predictions for PCB-153 for the birth years 1930, 1935, 1940, and 1945 (within the range of birth years of the study subjects) were obtained, assuming that either all of the birth cohorts had equal fish consumption or that fish consumption differed among birth cohorts, with the earliest birth cohort consuming the most fish, and the latest cohort the least.
The authors concluded that birth cohort screening followed by treating all HCV (+) patients was the most cost-effective strategy with ICERs well below the accepted threshold of $50,000 per quality adjusted years of life gained.
The Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), one of Britain~s world-renowned longitudinal birth cohort studies, is following the lives of around 19 000 children born in the UK in 2000-01.
2003) Birth weight, childhood social class, and change in adult blood pressure in the 1946 British birth cohort.
Children enrolled in CCAAPS, a prospective birth cohort, were selected based on their residence at time of birth being either near (< 400 m) or far (> 1,500 m) from a major highway or bus route (LeMasters et al.
Since the cut-off age for literates is 10 years, which is also the expected age for completing primary schooling, the most recent birth cohort of the 1998 census belongs to the year 1988 in the age cohort profile.
The EHS and two other studies--Fragile Families and Child Well-being study and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Birth Cohort study--became part of a new set of studies that would produce unprecedented data on how men father, the investments they make on behalf of their children, the determinants of father involvement, the influence of this involvement on their children's development, and the barriers and challenges fathers face.
The proportion of young people who left school without any qualifications fell from 45 per cent in 1946 to 10 per cent in 1970 according to the report by British Birth Cohort studies.