birth

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birth

(Beginning), noun animation, arrival, creation, debut, embarkation, establishment, genesis, inauguration, inception, incipience, incunabula, infancy, introduction, nascency, onset, origin, origination, ortus, vitalization
Associated concepts: ante natus

birth

(Emergence of young), noun arrival, childbirth, delivery, nativity, parturition, vivification
Associated concepts: birth certificate, birth control, issue, pretermission
Foreign phrases: Non nasci, et natum mori, paria sunt.Not to be born, and to be born dead, are the same.

birth

(Lineage), noun ancestry, bloodline, derivation, descent, extraction, heredity, heritage, inheritance, line, line of descent, parentage, provenance, succession
Associated concepts: birth certificate, legitimacy
Foreign phrases: Qui in utero est pro jam nato habetur, quoties de ejus commodo quaeritur.He who is in the womb is regarded as already born, whenever a question arises for his benefit.
See also: ancestry, bloodline, creation, derivation, descent, family, genesis, inception, lineage, nascency, nationality, onset, origin, origination, outset, parentage, race, source, start

BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

References in periodicals archive ?
A short birth interval does not give the mother sufficient time to recuperate from the birth and to replenish her stores of nutrients used during pregnancy, especially in conditions of malnutrition.
ii) The shorter her first birth interval (FBI); implying a faster rate of her early child-bearing.
Birth spacing by degree of urbanization and female education showed that the median birth interval of females in urban centres is four months shorter than those for rural females with the same education.
The second presents multivariate analysis and coefficients of age at marriage, birth intervals and length of breast-feeding, and infant mortality.
In separate regressions we examined whether married women, young or older women, women with lower education, women with longer birth intervals, or Healthy Start (nonwelfare) women were different in the changes in their outcomes during the managed care implementation period.
Moderate attempts to stretch birth intervals to gain much-needed "rest" can slow the pace of senescence and aid attempts to achieve a large family size.
The second is a measure of education during birth intervals.
The median birth interval is slightly longer for births in urban areas and the percentage of women who begin childbearing under the age of 20 in rural areas is double the rate in urban areas.
He cites earlier research showing that women with very long or short birth intervals are more likely to be unmarried and have less education than other women.
To our knowledge, it's the first time that later health consequences of birth intervals have been investigated in a developed- country population.
The children's characteristics were age, sex, birth size, preceding birth interval, breast-feeding status and vaccination history.