blockade

(redirected from blockaders)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.

blockade

(Barrier), noun bar, barricade, block, bottleneck, cordon, curb, impediment, obsessio, obstacle, obstruction, stop, stumbling block

blockade

(Enclosure), noun circumjacence, circumvallation, compass, containment, encirclement, enclosing, encompassment, framing, girdling, sealing off, surrounding
Associated concepts: capture and prize, commercial blockade

blockade

(Limitation), noun compression, contraction, debarring, exclusion, obturation, preclusion, restriction, shutdown, stoppage
See also: bar, block, contain, control, deterrence, disadvantage, eliminate, enclose, enclosure, enjoin, estop, exclude, halt, hinder, hindrance, impasse, impede, impediment, lock, obstruction, occlude, ostracism, picket, restrain, restraint, restriction, seclude, shut, stop, strike

BLOCKADE, international law. The actual investment of a port or place by a hostile force fully competent to cut off all communication therewith, so arranged or disposed as to be able to apply its force to every point of practicable access or approach to the port or place so invested.
     2. It is proper here to consider, 1. by what authority a blockade can be established; 2. what force is sufficient to constitute a blockade; 3. the consequences of a violation of the blockade.
     3. - 1. Natural sovereignty confers the right of declaring war, and the right which nations at war have of destroying or capturing each other's citizens, subjects or goods, imposes on neutral nations the obligation not to interfere with the exercise of this right within the rules prescribed by the law of nations. A declaration of a siege or blockade is an act of sovereignty, 1 Rob. Rep. 146; but a direct declaration by the sovereign authority of the besieging belligerent is not always requisite; particularly when the blockade is on a distant station; for its officers may have power, either expressly or by implication, to institute such siege or blockade. 6 Rob. R. 367.
     4. - 2. To be sufficient, the blockade must be effective, and made known. By the convention of the Baltic powers of 1780, and again in 1801, and by the ordinance of congress of 1781, it is required there should be a number of vessels stationed near enough to the port to make the entry apparently dangerous. The government of the United States has, uniformly insisted, that the blockade should be effective by the presence of a competent force, stationed and present, at or near the entrance of the port. 1 Kent, Com. 145, and the authorities by him cited; and see 1 Rob. R. 80; 4 Rob. R. 66; 1 Acton's R. 64, 5; and Lord Erskine's speech, 8th March, 1808, on the orders in council, 10 Cobber's Parl. Debates, 949, 950. But "it is not an accidental absence of the blockading force, nor the circumstance of being blown off by wind, (if the suspension and the-reason of the suspension are known,) that will be sufficient in law to remove a blockade." But negligence or remissness on the part of the cruisers stationed to maintain the blockade, may excuse persons, under circumstances, for violating the blockade. 3 Rob. R. 156 .) 1 Acton's R. 59. To involve a neutral in the consequences of violating a blockade, it is indispensable that he should have due notice of it: this information may be communicated to him in two ways; either actually, by a formal notice from the blockading power, or constructively by notice to his government, or by the notoriety of the fact. 6 Rob. R. 367; 2 Rob. R. 110; Id. 111, note; Id. 128; 1 Acton's R. 6 1.
     4. - 3. In considering the consequences of the violation of a blockade, it is proper to take a view of what will amount to such a violation, and, then, of its effects. As all criminal acts require an intention to commit them, the party must intend to violate the blockade, or his acts will be perfectly innocent; but this intention will be judged of by the circumstances. This violation may be, either, by going into the place blockaded, or by coming out of it with a cargo laden after the commencement of the blockade. Also placing himself so near a blockaded port as to be in a condition to slip in without observation, is a violation of the blockade, and raises the presumption of a criminal intent. 6 Rob. R. 30, 101, 182; 7 John. R. 47; 1 Edw. R. 202; 4 Cranch, 185. The sailing for a blockaded port, knowing it to be blockaded, is, it seems, such an act as may charge the party with a breach of the blockade. 5 Cranch, 335 9 Cranch, 440, 446; 1 Kent, Com. 150. When the ship has contracted guilt by a breach of the blockade, she may be taken at any time before the end of her voyage, but the penalty travels no further than the end of her return voyage. 2 Rob. R. 128; 3 Rob. R. 147. When taken, the ship is confiscated; and the cargo is always, prima facie, implicated in the guilt of the owner or master of the ship and the burden of rebutting the presumption that the vessel was going in for the benefit of the cargo, and with the direction of the owners, rests with them. 1 Rob. R. 67, 130 3 Rob. R. 173 4 Rob. R. 93; 1 Edw. It 39. Vide, generally, 2 Bro. Civ. & Adm. Law, 314 Chit. Com. Law, Index, h. t.; Chit. Law of Nations, 128 to 147; 1 Kent's Com. 143 to 151; Marsh. Ins. Index, h. t.; Dane's Ab. Index, h. t.; Mann. Com. B. 3, c. 9.

References in periodicals archive ?
For the young blockaders, the presence of the Elders validated their course of action, since Haida law teaches that young people must follow the wisdom of their Elders when it comes to the right way to interact with nature.
Some blockaders, for example, describe the positive results of their activist work by explicitly citing "cultural revitalization" and the associated sense of pride developing among their community's youth.
THE OIL COMPANIES have yet to give a convincing explanation of their role which led to charges of collusion with the blockaders.
Determined, honest, and efficient, Raum was a superb field general against the blockaders.
Navy blockaders had halted their first Soviet ship.
He said,"Until the illegal blockade is lifted, the QCB will work to ensure our financial sector and economy remain robust and stable despite the illegal actions of the blockaders.
In another development on Tuesday, Qatar's Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani said the siege had caused serious harm to mutual trust among the members of the (Persian) Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), which also features Kuwait and Oman apart from Qatar and the littoral Arab blockaders.
The UN and US comments came days after Bangladesh's High Court ordered government steps to stop violence and anarchic activities as the current spate of unrest while nearly 70 of the casualty victims were killed in clandestine arson attacks when the suspected blockaders or hired goons hurled fire bombs on buses and trucks.
Officers entered the building, seized a banner reading "End Drone Research," and forced the blockaders out.
Mostly, Sock revealed, New Brunswick's largest Indigenous community is "trying to heal" from the police raid, as blockaders continue to face the courts and support pours in from across the continent.
2) The United States, India, and Japan are all seen as potential blockaders, but Chinese observers appear to believe that only the United States has both the capability and the will to blockade oil shipments to China.
With blockaders patrolling the waters from the Atlantic to the Gulf of Mexico and Union gunboats cruising the Mississippi, canvassing the sailors became an undertaking of immense partisan importance.