blood

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blood

noun affinity, agnation, ancestry, breed, brethren, brood, children, clan, cognation, common ancessry, consanguinity, derivation, descent, ethnic group, family connection, family relationship, family tie, family tree, filiation, genealogical tree, genealogy, gentility, genus, heredity, heritage, issue, kind, kindred, kinsfolk, kinship, kinsman, kinsmen, kinswoman, line, lineage, nationality, next of kin, offspring, one's people, parentage, pedigree, propinquity, relations, sanguis, stock, strain, ties of family, tribe
Associated concepts: blood heirs, blood issue, blood relatives, full blood, half blood, mixed blood
Foreign phrases: Consanguineus est quasi eodem sannuine natus.A person related by consanguinity is, as it were, one born from the same blood. Pueri sunt de sannuine parentum, sed pater et mater non sunt de sannuine puerorum. Children are of the blood of their parrnts, but the father and mother are not of the blood of their children.
See also: ancestry, bloodline, descent, lineage

BLOOD, kindred. This word, in the law sense, is used to signify relationship, stock, or family; as, of the blood of the ancestor. 1 Roper on Leg. 103; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 365. In a more extended sense, it means kindred generally. Bac. Max. Reg. 18.
     2. Brothers and sisters are said to be of the whole blood, (q. v.) if they have the same father and mother of the half blood, (q. v.) if they have only one parent in common. 5 Whart. Rep. 477.

References in periodicals archive ?
Previous studies had suggested that the breakdown in the blood-brain barrier was linked to aging and memory problems, but that connection had not been shown in the brains of living people.
Like the larval fruit fly's blood-brain barrier, cell layers in the human placenta and skin may employ polyploidization to respond to the need to expand while maintaining a sound boundary between the fetus and its surroundings, and the body and the outside world, respectively.
This PAS is intended to achieve a better understanding of the effects of neurological disorders on the blood-brain barrier (BBB), improve our knowledge of- BBB biology and how it may contribute to the initiation and/or progression of neurological disease over the lifespan and develop new approaches for targeting the BBB, based on biological considerations, in order to improve drug delivery and target treatment of one or more such disorders.
John Hoekman, PhD, Chief Scientific Officer, stated, "We are carefully expanding the body of evidence demonstrating the POD technology's ability to bypass the blood-brain barrier enabling delivery via the nose-to-brain pathway.
Two accessory mechanisms are also suggested to be involved in MCS, one involving nitric oxide and the other peroxynitrite:nitric oxide inhibition of cytochrome P450 activity and peroxynitrite-mediated increased permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) (Pall 2002b; Pall and Satterlee 2001).
Various strategies that have been used for manipulating the blood-brain barrier for drug delivery to the brain include osmotic and chemical opening of the blood-brain barrier as well as the use of transport/carrier systems.
The Wisconsin researchers described transforming stem cells into endothelial cells with blood-brain barrier qualities.
The spinal drip was necessary because imatinib mesylate doesn't pass through the blood-brain barrier.
In this study we investigated whether a pathologic leakage across the blood-brain barrier might be combined with damage to the neurons.
SEATTLE -- Impel NeuroPharma, a medical device company whose technology is designed to enable pharmaceutical drugs to bypass the blood-brain barrier and enter the central nervous system (CNS), today announced that it was selected to receive a Phase II Small Business Investigational Research (SBIR) grant from the Department of Defense's Chemical and Biological Defense SBIR Program entitled, "Blood Brain Barrier Drug Delivery of Therapeutics for Chemical Warfare Agents.
At the University of Copenhagen, a number of these substances have now been tested in a laboratory model of the blood-brain barrier.
Now, Salford's team reports in a forthcoming Environmental Health Perspectives that this breach of the so-called blood-brain barrier is accompanied by the death of brain cells.