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Caption: Hominids in Spain some 400,000 years ago had protruding teeth and no chin, as in this fossil, but had not yet evolved the big brain cases seen 200,000 years later in Neandertals.
Some attention to the structure of the original connection between the brain case and the gill arches is useful in understanding the basic changes in pressure that allowed for the eventual modification of the jaw and ear.
Go back in time as you view a tarbosaurus bataar skeleton, skull and brain case.
When human evolution is discussed, the hand receives much more attention than the brain case.
One of the exciting things is we were able to see inside its brain case with the CT scan.
Unlike any previously discovered Homo skull, the new find combines a relatively small brain case with a long face, projecting jaws and large teeth.
Luzia has a very projected face; her chin sits out further than her forehead, and she has a long, narrow brain case, measured from the eyes to the back of the skull; as well as a low nose and low orbits, the space where the eyes sit.
Heads were skinned and muscles removed from the brain case in order to remove the skullcap.
These new finds are a good match for a roughly 2-million-year-old Homo brain case and face excavated in 1972 in the same part of East Africa, reports a team led by anthropologist Meave Leakey of the Turkana Basin Institute in Nairobi, Kenya.