Born March 16, 1822, in Louisville, Kentucky; graduated from West Point (1842) and commissioned in the topographical engineers; surveyor in Florida and in the Northeast (1842-1846); with Zachary Taylor's army during the Mexican War (1846-1848); brevetted
1st lieutenant at Monterrey (September 20-24, 1846) and captain at Buena Vista (February 22-23, 1847); led a surveying party on the Red River in Minnesota (1849-1850); chief topographical engineer for the Department of New Mexico (1851-1853); western explorer and then surveyor for the Pacific Railroad (1853-1859); 1st lieutenant (March 1853); captain (July 1856); brigadier general of volunteers under Fremont in Missouri (May 1861); won a notable victory at Blackwater, Missouri, defeating Gen.
John Quitman's attack on Mexico City's Belen Gate (September 13); and was a member of the armistice commission (October); commanded the 2d Division, and as military governor of Veracruz directed the embarkation of the army (May 1848); brevetted
major general, he commanded the Division of the Pacific (1849-1850); commanded the Department of Texas (1850-1856); as brigadier general (December 1856), he commanded the Western Department at St.
Born in Newburgh, New York (February 29, 1784); grew up in Troy; raised a company of volunteers for service against England and was offered a captain's commission in the 13th Infantry (April 1812); distinguished himself at Queenston Heights, where he was wounded (October 13), and was promoted to major (April 1813); brevetted
lieutenant colonel for gallantry at Plattsburgh (September 11, 1814), where he served under Gen.