cardinal

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cardinal

(Basic), adjective apical, basal, capital, chief, controlling, elemental, elementary, essential, first, foremost, fundamental, indispensable, key, main, necessary, overruling, pivotal, praecipuus, primal, primary, prime, primus, principal, rudimentary, strategic, substantial, substantive, summital, underlying, undermost, uppermost, utmost, vital
Associated concepts: cardinal rule

cardinal

(Outstanding), adjective absolute, all powwrful, best, central, chief, commanding, controlling, dominant, eventful, excellent, finest, foremost, greatest possible, highest, incomparable, inimitable, insurmountable, key, leading, major, maximal, momentous, most important, notable, paramount, praecipuus, preeminent, preponderant, prevailing, prime, primus, second to none, supereminent, superlative, supreme, top, unequaled, unexcelled, unparalleled, uppermost, utmost
See also: central, considerable, dominant, essential, fundamental, important, indispensable, integral, leading, material, paramount, prime, principal, salient, vital

CARDINAL, eccl. law. The title given to one of the highest dignitaries of the court of Rome. Cardinals are next to the pope in dignity; he is elected by them and out of their body. There are cardinal bishops, cardinal priests, and cardinal deacons. See Fleury, Hist. Eccles. liv. xxxv. n. 17, II. n. 19 Thomassin, part ii. liv. i. oh. 53, part iv. liv. i. c. 79, 80 Loiseau, Traite des Ordres, c. 3, n. 31; Andre, Droit Canon, au mot.

References in periodicals archive ?
In late 1945 Archbishop McGuigan was informed of his appointment to the Cardinalate.
97) Only five letters survive from Carlo Barberini to Buonarroti dating prior to Maffeo's election, which primarily show Buonarroti taking the initiative to build patron-client relations with Carlo: for example, by sending congratulations on 22 September 1606 for Maffeo's election to the cardinalate (see I:Fb, AB 42, no.
34) A cleric of the archdiocese of Lyons, he was also a papal notary, then apostolic protonotary (protonotarius apostolicus), protodatary (protodatarius), and papal assistant, and was finally raised to the cardinalate in the mass promotion of 1 July 1517, succeeding Giulio as cardinal priest of San Clemente five days later.
Elevated to the cardinalate last month, the new president is a well-known theologian.
Chadwick suggests that the decisive event was Newman's acceptance of the cardinalate in 1879: he had become "the Pope's man" (127), sharing responsibility for all the evil committed on behalf of the church.
Zacchi, like, later, Archbishop Jean Jadot, apostolic delegate in the United States, was denied the red hat when promoted to a cardinalate position.
Inside, he was portrayed deceased, in cardinalate dress, and on the side was the text: "In omnibus operibus tuis memorare novissima tua et non delinques in aeternum.
In the 24 years of Pope John Paul II's pontificate, he has canonized more than 450, beatified approximately 1,700 and elevated at least 120 to the cardinalate.
On the day of Bibbiena's nomination to the Cardinalate, he writes to Castiglione as well as to his own brother (Rome, 23 September 1513).
According to Catholic doctrine the order of bishops is of divine origin, but no such claim is made for the cardinalate, which does not even get an entry in my Encyclopedia of Early Christianity.
It is universally assumed that he will soon be elevated to the cardinalate.
In particular, he recommended Francesco for the bishopric of Volterra, an appointment which marked the first step in an ecclesiastical career that would lead to the cardinalate and to an impressive political career in the Church.