circumstantial

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circumstantial

adjective accessory, accuratus, additional, adscititious, apparent, by inference, collateral, conditional, conjectural, construable, contingent, deduced, extraneous, founded on circumstances, implicational, implicatory, incidental, inconclusive, indecisive, indicative, indicatory, indirect, inessential, inferential, insubstantial, likely, nonessential, ostensible, presumptive, probable, second rank, secondary, subsidiary, suggestive, unnecessary, verisimilar
Associated concepts: circumstantial errors, circumstantial evidence, circumstantial inference, corroborating evidence, inference
See also: coincidental, descriptive, fortuitous, incident, presumptive

EVIDENCE, CIRCUMSTANTIAL. The proof of facts which usually attend other facts sought to be, proved; that which is not direct evidence. For example, when a witness testifies that a man was stabbed with a knife, and that a piece of the blade was found in the wound, and it is found to fit exactly with another part of the blade found in the possession of the prisoner; the facts are directly attested, but they only prove circumstances, and hence this is called circumstantial evidence.
     2. Circumstantial evidence is of two kinds, namely, certain and uncertain. It is certain when the conclusion in question necessarily follows as, where a man had received a mortal wound, and it was found that the impression of a bloody left hand had been made on the left arm of the deceased, it was certain some other person than the deceased must have made such mark. 14 How. St. Tr. 1324. But it is uncertain whether the death was caused by suicide or by murder, and whether the mark of the bloody hand was made by the assassin, or by a friendly hand that came too late to the relief of the deceased. Id. Vide Circumstances.

References in periodicals archive ?
Both approaches offer means of describing plot mechanisms in poems as well, although the tendency in poetry to reducing the concrete circumstantiality of situations make it less readily applicable here.
Where Campbell has provided authenticity through circumstantiality, Zukovskij has achieved it through association with Ossianic myth.
As Matar notes, it is hard to know exactly why the Spanish would send an Ottoman subject in such style to their jealously held colonies in the New World, but we must be grateful that they did, for the rich circumstantiality of this account of the New World (of the llama: "it could only travel four leagues in a day and no more, and when it became tired, it slept and spat on its owners" [72]) and for its relative political-economic detachment: of an Indian mine-owner, for instance, al-Mawsuli can say "When they told me had given 40,000 piasters for a mass, I sent for him and said 'Tell me why you did not tell the sultan about the mine so he could bestow the governorship of this city on you, your children, and your grandchildren?
The concept of "worldliness" for Said was a profound understanding of circumstantiality (materiality) and the role of what Marx refers to as "sensuous" human activity in interpretation.
Silva-Corvalan found that three contextual features, frame of reference, circumstantiality, and susceptibility to change, provided the means through which language loss across three generations of speakers could be characterized.
When Doctor Leete explains this incredible series of events, West is struck by "the circumstantiality of this narrative" and finds it hard to believe (54).
If, as Michael McKeon has observed, "the distinctive feature of novelistic narrative is its internalization or thematization of formal problems on the level of content,"(11) it might be argued that novelistic narrative thematizes generic tendencies as well, including a propensity to follow a fascination with circumstantiality to largely uncharted places: the streets of London during time of plague, women's closets, remote islands, Surinam, Virginia.
19 The physician may note that school-aged children with AD/HD exhibit a mild degree of tangentiality or circumstantiality in their verbal expression.
He was ready to face up to or face down, in all their grainy circumstantiality, whatever excited his moral or intellectual passion.
Rather, Oedipus, the other characters in the drama, and we the audience, come to believe in this coincidence because the logical and rhetorical momentum of the narrative demands it and, indeed, we might argue that Oedipus's guilt makes it more or less irrelevant whether it happened or not: without anything more weighty than circumstantiality, the narratological imperative makes it so, and Oedipus punishes himself accordingly.
Of the fifty-two lines, the opening and close will suggest Alexander's imaginative power, freedom, and circumstantiality.