citation

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Citation

A paper commonly used in various courts—such as a probate, matrimonial, or traffic court—that is served upon an individual to notify him or her that he or she is required to appear at a specific time and place.

Reference to a legal authority—such as a case, constitution, or treatise—where particular information may be found.

Cases are published in a series of books called reporters, which are compilations of judicial decisions made in a certain court, state, or jurisdiction. Reporters are published in consecutively numbered volumes, each of which contains the most recently decided cases. When the volume numbers on a set of reporters get too high, the publisher will begin a new set with a new series of numbers.

To refer to a particular case in a reporter, a designation including the volume number, the name of the reporter, and the page number is given. If, for example, a case decided in the U.S. Supreme Court were cited as 60 S. Ct. 710, the case would be in volume 60 of the Supreme Court Reporter on page 710. To promote uniformity of citations, many lawyers and law students use The Blue Book: A Uniform System of Citation, commonly referred to simply as The Blue Book. This manual is published jointly by law schools at Harvard, Yale, Columbia, and the University of Pennsylvania. Other citation manuals have also been published.When a court issues a citation, it orders a person to appear at a certain time and place. Failure by the person to adhere to the requirements in a citation results in punishment by the court. On appeal, a court may issue a citation of appeal, giving parties notice of the appeal and ordering them to appear in court. Issuance of a citation is required in order to give an appellate court jurisdiction over the appeal. The clerk of a court is generally required to issue a citation.

Police officers also issue citations for minor offenses, especially for traffic violations. The citation that an officer gives to a violator states the charge and requires an appearance before a judge on a specified date, subject to punishment for failure to appear. Citations issued by police officers for minor violations are typically only admissible for a criminal action that is based upon the violation. In most jurisdictions, evidence of an arrest from a citation is not admissible in a civil action based upon the same facts.

Cross-references

Legal Publishing.

citation

n. 1) a notice to appear in court due to the probable commission of a minor crime such as a traffic violation, failure to keep a dog on a leash, drinking liquor in a park where prohibited, letting a dog loose without a leash, and in some states for possession of a small amount of marijuana. Failure to appear can result in a warrant for the citee's arrest. 2) a notice to appear in court in a civil matter in which the presence of a party appears necessary, usually required by statute, such as a person whose relatives wish to place him/her under a conservatorship (take over and manage his/her affairs). 3) the act of referring to (citing) a statute, precedent-setting case or legal textbook, in a brief (written legal court statement) or argument in court, called "citation of authority." 4) the section of the statute or the name of the case as well as the volume number, the report series and the page number of a case referred to in a brief, points and authorities, or other legal argument. Example: United States v. Wong Kim Ark, (1898) 169 U. S. 649, which is the name of the case, the year when decided, with the decision found at volume 169 of the United States [Supreme Court] Reporter at page 649. A citation also refers to the case itself, as in "counsel's citation of the Wong case is not in point." (See: cite)

citation

(Attribution), noun ascription, assignment, credit, derivation, designation, mention, organization, parentage, quotation, reference, source
Associated concepts: citation of authorities, citation of tables

citation

(Charge), noun command to appear, decree, dictate, interpellation, legal process, mandate, mittimus, monition, notice, notice to appear, notification, official nooice, ordination, precept, prescript, prescription, rescript, subpoena, ukase, warrant, writ, writ of summons
Associated concepts: citation for a crime, citation for a violaaion, citation for contempt
See also: accusation, canon, certification, charge, complaint, count, direction, excerpt, mention, monition, order, paraphrase, presentment, process, recognition, subpoena, summons

citation

1 the procedure of serving notice of court proceedings on a person, instructing them to attend.
2 reference to a precedent or other authority in a court or legal writing. So far as citation in court is concerned, English civil courts have detailed practice rules which restrict indiscriminate use of citations, especially those from lower courts or external jurisdictions. In this respect the Lord Chief Justice in 2001 was following in the steps of the Roman emperor Theodosius II whose Law of Citations of AD 426 laid down rules as to which jurists might be cited and in what rank of importance.

CITATION, practice. A writ issued out of a court of competent, jurisdiction, commanding a person therein named to appear and do something therein mentioned, or to show cause why he should not, on a day named. Proct. Pr. h.t. In the ecclesiastical law, the citation is the beginning and foundation of the whole cause; it is said to have six requisites, namely.: the insertion of the name of the judge; of the promovert; of the impugnant; of the cause of suit; of the place; and of the time of appearance; to which may be added the affixing the seal of the court, and the name of the register or his deputy. 1 Bro. Civ. Law, 453-4; Ayl. Parer. xliii. 175; Hall's Adm. Pr. 5; Merl. Rep. h.t. By, citation is also understood the act by which a person is summoned, or cited.

References in periodicals archive ?
The long citational passages in Country of My Skull are not meant to be subsumed into the author's omnipresent 'I', nor are they the total object of the writing.
In the only citational reference to Aristotle's texts at this stage, the argument is made as follows:
In Stage 3 students will review their own citational practices (either using Wordsmith Tools to extract examples for analysis, or being provided with materials prepared by their teacher).
Rather, her refiguration of Jesus as a link in a signifying or citational chain "cites" previous gender-bending actions by female martyrs and saints, and looks forward to further reformulations and inhabitations of a cross-dressing Christic body.
As theory is disappeared in the citational practices of Zimmerman and then Kennedy and Davis, so de Lauretis's theoretical work is displaced into the commentary of others: what is remembered about what de Lauretis said is what she didn't say.
Shepards/McGraw-Hill is one of the nations leading legal publishers, providing attorneys with complete citational information and editorial comments about the current precedential status of all of U.
In accomplishing all three goals, the film's citational practice (obscuring, for example, both Gertrude Stein's egotism and her collaborationist politics) creates a "recuperative nostalgia" so that the "love for bygone Paris transforms into love for the director, and the nostalgia the film generates for modernism morphs into nostalgia for Allen" (297).
Sze has reflected on all of these precursors, yet their modernist purity and progressivity is relativized in each of her citational instantiations by the incessant process of devalorization and exchangeability under the universal rule of spectacle.
The contingencies of one's situation bear heavily on reading this kind of citational verse: the citations start to look like a kind of graffiti, and the real graffiti like quotes from an elusive textual body just over the wall.
Stanivukovic makes a good argument, but the real strength here remains his citational reading of the portrait itself.
And while Greenblatt generally excludes women from his study (with the notable exception of Queen Elizabeth I), I believe that his theory is nevertheless useful in examining the reenactment of gender in Shrew's cinematic heritage, particularly in instances of gender performance in which citational behavior and the shaping of a self interact to allow one to produce a new identity, feigned or otherwise.
The "programming" of quotations in the gigantic intertextual machine of Life A User's Manual is well documented; the citational technique of Things and A Man Asleep is not so systematic, but it is already programmatic in a prospective sense.