civil service

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Civil Service

The designation given to government employment for which a person qualifies on the basis of merit rather than political patronage or personal favor.

Civil service employees, often called civil servants or public employees, work in a variety of fields such as teaching, sanitation, health care, management, and administration for the federal, state, or local government. Legislatures establish basic prerequisites for employment such as compliance with minimal age and educational requirements and residency laws. Employees enjoy job security, promotion and educational opportunities, comprehensive medical insurance coverage, and Pension and other benefits often not provided in comparable positions in private employment.

Most civil service positions are filled from lists of applicants who are rated in descending order of their passing scores on competitive civil service examinations. Such examinations are written tests designed to measure objectively a person's aptitude to perform a job. They are open to the general public upon the completion and filing of the necessary forms. Promotional competitive examinations screen eligible employees for job advancement. Veterans of the Armed Services may be given hiring preference, usually in the form of extra points added to their examination scores, depending upon the nature and duration of their service. Applicants may also be required to pass a medical examination and more specialized tests that relate directly to the performance of a designated job. Once hired, an employee may have to take an oath to execute his job in Good Faith and in accordance with the law.

Unlike workers in private employment, civil service employees may be prohibited from certain acts that would compromise their position as servants of the government and the general public. For example, the federal Hatch Act (5 U.S.C.A. § 7324 et seq. [1887]) makes participation by federal, state, and local civil service employees in designated public electoral and political activities unlawful.

The U.S. Civil Service Commission, created by Congress in 1883 and reorganized under the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 (5 U.S.C.A. § 1101 et seq.) as the Merit Systems Protection Board, established a merit system for federal employment and governs various aspects of such employment, such as job classification, tenure, pay, training, employee relations, equal opportunity, pensions, and health and life insurance. Most states have comparable bodies for the regulation of state and local civil service employment.

civil service

in the constitutional law of the UK, servants of the Crown who are permanent and do not change with a political change of government. There is no definition of a Crown servant. A subordinate who is employed by a civil servant is a servant of the Crown and not of the person employing him. Recruitment and examination, for many the insignia of a mature and independent civil service, have for over one hundred years been carried out by the Civil Service Commission, a body established not by statute but by order in council. Independence is supported by having pay decided by the Civil Service National Whitley Council. They may be precluded from being able to strike on grounds of national security. Civil servants have no special constitutional status separate from the minister they serve and have no right to reveal confidential information in the public interest, an issue discussed in relation to official secrets. There is a sliding scale of permission to take part in politics, the higher the official, the lesser the activity permitted.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Pakistani delegation was briefed on a comprehensive introductory presentation about the role of the Bureau and projects being implemented, as well as future projects that focus on the development of work and organizational performance of the civil service in the Kingdom, also the review of action's mechanisms and the regulation followed by the directorates in CSB, as well as the achievements made by the Bureau to develop competent qualified nationals and to achieve the vision and aspirations of the wise government.
It should be noted that Sheikh Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Nasser al- Nadabi , Undersecretary of the Ministry of Civil Service for Civil Service led the Sultanate's delegation to the preparatory meeting which was held in the sisterly State of Qatar yesterday (Monday).
During his meeting , Wednesday at his office at the cabinet general secretrait, the Minister of Labor and Administrative Reform, Ishraqa Sayed Mahmoud, who noted that she briefed the FVP on the comprehensive arrangements for the reform of the civil services and the ministry's efforts for the development of the laws and legislations in this regard.
In the meeting, they reviewed the Ministry's future plan efforts to develop civil services and achieve financial and administrative reform and justice in public employment.
Kazakhstan s new funding will help the hub establish a Civil Service Research Centre, strengthen the secretariat and create a permanent position of Chairman of the Steering Committee of the Regional Hub of Civil Service in Astana.
The Saudi Minister voiced hope that the agreement would contribute to forging closer cooperation between Jordan and Saudi in the civil service domain.
It will include a joint meeting by ministers and presidents of civil service, labour and manpower in the Gulf to study the problems of job-seekers in the public and private sectors.
Recruitment for the civil service scheme begins in April.
The conference was a great opportunity to view experiences of different countries of the Arab World as well as the challenges the civil services face in many aspects such as occupational planning, HRM electronic systems, legislations and regulations of work organizations and the behavior of the civil services.
Wayne Sampson , executive director of the Massachusetts Chiefs of Police Association, said at least one Massachusetts municipality a month is opting out of using the Civil Service system for hiring and for promotions for chief and deputy chief positions.
The State Civil Service Commission, a three-member, bipartisan, independent administrative agency, manages the state's merit employment system, which covers approximately 58,000 employees in 38 state agencies and another 10,000 in more than 300 county and local government agencies.
At a meeting with civil service experts, Karzai identified job security for civil servants as the core point of reforms, a statement issued from his office said.

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