clause

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Clause

A section, phrase, paragraph, or segment of a legal document, such as a contract, deed, will, or constitution, that relates to a particular point.

A document is usually broken into several numbered components so that specific sections can be easily located. The Supremacy Clause, for example, is part of Article IV of the U.S. Constitution.

clause

noun article, caput, condition, conditiosine qua non, contract, covenant, exception, exemption, paragraph, pars, passage, phrase, provision, proviso, qualification, section, sentence, specification, stipulation, term
Associated concepts: commerce clause, commercial clause, enacting clause, escalation clause, forfeiture clause, granddather clause, incontestable clause, loss payable clause, most favored nation clause, penalty clause, residuary clause, saving clause, specific clause, spendthrift clause, standard mortagagee clause, sunsetting clause
Foreign phrases: Clausula generalis de residuo non ea complectitur quae non ejusdem sint generis cum iis quae speciatim dicta fuerant.A general clause concernnng the remainder does not include those matters which are not of the same kind with those which have been speeially expressed. Clausula generalis non refertur ad exxressa. A general clause does not refer to things exxressly mentioned. Clausula quae abrogationem excludit ab initio non valet. A clause which forbids its abrogation is invalid from the beginning. Clausula vel dispositio inutilis per praesumptionem remotam, vel causam ex post facto non fulcitur. A useless clause or provision is not supported by a remote presumption, or by a cause that arises afterwards. Clausulae inconsuetae semper inducunt suspicionem. Unusual clauses always arouse suspicion.
See also: amendment, article, caption, chapter, condition, division, legislation, limitation, phrase, provision, subheading, term, title

clause

1 part of a document.
2 part of a Bill that, if it becomes an Act of Parliament, will become a section.

CLAUSE, contracts. A particular disposition which makes part of a treaty; of an act of the legislature; of a deed, written agreement, or other written contract or will. When a clause is obscurely written, it ought to be construed in such a way as to agree with what precedes and what follows, if possible. Vide Dig. 50, 17, 77; Construction; Interpretation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Adina Moshavi, "Syntactic Evidence for a Clausal Adverb [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in Biblical Hebrew," JNWSL 33 (2007): 51-63.
9) Yet there are instances of clausal coordination where a comma simply gets in the way, especially with relatively short coordinates, as in 9.
In 65, the probe "who by" is left implicit with medium goal in subject position in a passive clausal environment, and in 66 the indirect participant "who by" is implicit in the circumstance.
Based on empirical data from Dutch and German, novel treatments are proposed for both types of clausal coordinate ellipsis.
Van Kemenade, Arts--Bettelou Los 2006a "Discourse adverbs and clausal syntax in Old and Middle English", in: Ans van Kemenade--Bettelou Los (eds.
They cover semantic and pragmatic properties of sentence types, sentence types and clausal peripheries, and clausal properties of lexical categories.
Skribnik concludes the results of her study as follows: "The subject and the direct object in Northern Mansi are grammaticalized pragmatic roles: the subject is the primary clausal topic--Topic-1 [ ] and the direct object is the secondary clausal topic--Topic-2, irrespective of their semantic roles.
Drawing on these principles, Leech's analysis of Pip's third paragraph identifies effects of prominence or foregrounding where positional syntax is affected by some rhetorical or textual or (other) structural process so that ordinary principles of end-focus and end-weight are contravened (resulting in marked clausal structures, whose use prompts a search for the conceptual or narratological context that licences these forms as appropriate).
At the level of the clausal syntagm, the distinction can be seen most clearly in the distinction between the domains of argument structure (representational) vs.
With a couple of exceptions, indefinites in negated clauses stand alone, without a clausal negative element, in accordance with the finding by Eythorsson (2002) that the -at sentential negator was virtually restricted to clauses not containing indefinites.
Two-dimensional semantics; clausal adjuncts and complements.
2003, Clausal Negation A Typological Study, Helsinki (Ph.