clause

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Clause

A section, phrase, paragraph, or segment of a legal document, such as a contract, deed, will, or constitution, that relates to a particular point.

A document is usually broken into several numbered components so that specific sections can be easily located. The Supremacy Clause, for example, is part of Article IV of the U.S. Constitution.

clause

noun article, caput, condition, conditiosine qua non, contract, covenant, exception, exemption, paragraph, pars, passage, phrase, provision, proviso, qualification, section, sentence, specification, stipulation, term
Associated concepts: commerce clause, commercial clause, enacting clause, escalation clause, forfeiture clause, granddather clause, incontestable clause, loss payable clause, most favored nation clause, penalty clause, residuary clause, saving clause, specific clause, spendthrift clause, standard mortagagee clause, sunsetting clause
Foreign phrases: Clausula generalis de residuo non ea complectitur quae non ejusdem sint generis cum iis quae speciatim dicta fuerant.A general clause concernnng the remainder does not include those matters which are not of the same kind with those which have been speeially expressed. Clausula generalis non refertur ad exxressa. A general clause does not refer to things exxressly mentioned. Clausula quae abrogationem excludit ab initio non valet. A clause which forbids its abrogation is invalid from the beginning. Clausula vel dispositio inutilis per praesumptionem remotam, vel causam ex post facto non fulcitur. A useless clause or provision is not supported by a remote presumption, or by a cause that arises afterwards. Clausulae inconsuetae semper inducunt suspicionem. Unusual clauses always arouse suspicion.
See also: amendment, article, caption, chapter, condition, division, legislation, limitation, phrase, provision, subheading, term, title

clause

1 part of a document.
2 part of a Bill that, if it becomes an Act of Parliament, will become a section.

CLAUSE, contracts. A particular disposition which makes part of a treaty; of an act of the legislature; of a deed, written agreement, or other written contract or will. When a clause is obscurely written, it ought to be construed in such a way as to agree with what precedes and what follows, if possible. Vide Dig. 50, 17, 77; Construction; Interpretation.

References in periodicals archive ?
In both FCR/gapping and their self-repair analogs, the presence or absence of an overt clausal head verb determines the continuation options: gapping is ruled out by the presence of the overt head verb in the posterior clause; substitution repairs only occur if the repair text does not contain the overt clausal head verb.
Second, the easier to learn categories of parallelism should be taught first, then the other categories introduced gradually according to their levels of difficulty, with correlative, clausal, and comparative parallel structures being left until last.
In the clausal syntagm, the descriptive/interpersonal contrast applies to the distinction between the clause as description of an event, and the clause as a specific event that is referred to in the world of discourse, and interpersonal modifiers are seen as specifying whether the event is actual (realis) or nonactual (irrealis).
In sum, thus, Recanati rejects views such as Cappelen and Lepore's (1997) that there is no theoretically significant undertaking seeking to relate with clausal items what is said by means of them; this theoretically privileged notion of what is said is the one that would be captured by Grice's two criteria of formality and dictiveness.
The authors' explanation of Theme is thorough, and their inclusion of many definitions of Theme, including Matthiessen's (1992: 70) "guide to appropriate expansion points" (298) illuminating; however, the reduction of the role of Theme to the introduction of participants suggests that other clausal functions, notably processes and circumstances, do not provide expansion points.
This is indicative of a rather modest amount of coding of clausal relations, probably quantitatively, but most certainly qualitatively.
The first involves the transitive type represented by wopenbora 'weaponbearer', which has a clausal correlate of the transitive type ('someone bears a weapon') and, moreover, involves an agent.
2000, is used in the deverbal derivation of clausal adjuncts, indicating the temporal frame of a non-matrix event/action/state entity, see (2).
Conversely, in interpersonal and textual systems, the options are agnates: they are general types of possible construals, which can apply either to any kind of clausal syntagm (for example, the features [unmarked theme] or [polar interrogative] in the textual and interpersonal systems), or they can apply to relatively large structures which can be specified in terms of experiential features (for example, the textual feature of [passive] is only available for the experiential class of [effective] constructions).
As the distinction between clause and core will be crucial to the arguments presented later, it is of interest here to look a little more closely at the difference between clausal and core junctures.
Objects are thus secondary clausal topics (10) and represent a simultaneous coding of semantic and pragmatic functions of discourse participants.
The second chapter focuses on the clausal system Felber used in his volume.