Using unelected institutions such as the Guardian Council to vet candidates prior to election and negotiate legislation passed by the reformist parliament, Khamenei enabled the final consolidation of conservative power evidenced in the [2005 elections] when only clerically
approved candidates were permitted to run for political office .
That relationship was most threatened in the second half of the nineteenth century when the resurgence of secular and liberal politics in France (despite the clerically
inclined Second Empire) and the attack on papal power in Italy culminated in the annee terrible of 1871, with its twin disasters of foreign and civil war.
The Virgin's power transcended both gender and class: while Aude's dilemma may have been created and solved in an all-female and lay environment, the clerically
educated Bishop Fournier was apparently able both to evoke it and to appreciate it.
In March 1918, students at the National University of Cordoba (UNC) rebelled against the university system, accusing professors of being authoritarian, inefficient, clerically
oriented, and obscurantist.
To the executive falls the responsibility to carry out the laws, but more than clerically
effecting the will of another, the executive is most expert in the sphere of action and therefore must determine the means by which the intent of the law can be best executed.
Reform, it seemed to many, was needed, and organisations such as the clerically
dominated Public Morals Association took up the challenge with gusto.
that biblical plays replace liturgical dramas, moralities replace biblical plays, and the commercial theater replaces all the preceding" ); questions the tight links often posited between clerically
sponsored and secular drama; rereads the medieval antitheatrical tradition; and challenges the idea that references to "saint plays" and "miracles" suggest the commonplace production of plays of these genres.
They file tax returns prepared clerically
, not professionally.
Jean-Paul Riopelle was born, Gagnon said, into a conservative and clerically
dominated Quebec in 1923, but by 1948 his rebellious temperament had erupted and with other painters he signed the Refus global, proclaiming the freedom of Quebec artists to "break permanently with the customs of society and Church" (March 18).
These three tendencies are united by their opposition to liberalization and their devotion to a narrow interpretation of velayat-e faqih, which emphasizes accepting the authority of the Leader and clerically
dominated institutions like the Guardian Council and the judiciary.
Thus, the senior should concentrate on confirming that all procedures are performed, documentation of procedures is complete, changes in procedures are documented, and financial statements are clerically
accurate and complete.
To cite first Sebastiao's grand-uncle, Henrique, the true founder of the Inquisition in Portugal, and then the even more profound influence of the somber but efficient Camara brothers at court, is to give only an incomplete look at the pervasive influence of clerical (and clerically
inclining) interests at the Portuguese court from 1550-1578.