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Taking into account the Latin origin of the term cognate (cognatus originally meant 'related by blood'), it is not surprising to find morphological cognates included within the cognate object category in the two alternative approaches previously outlined, which, nevertheless, offer a different treatment for those verbs traditionally called semantic cognates.
Despite this discrepancy in the vowel correspondences, the match between the Mari words and the Uralic cognate set is otherwise so precise that the etymology seems highly plausible, even though the reconstruction of the first-syllable vowel (PU *a or *i) remains ambiguous.
One year before that Alo Raun had published a small reference book, that in a very concise style gives in one line the origin of the word and a few cognates (Raun 1982).
Lemhofer & Dijkstra (2004) suggest that the BIA+ model may accommodate the cognate facilitation effect by predicting parallel activation of the orthographic (and the corresponding phonological) representations related t the stimulus (e.
hoof, but ultimately cognate through an Indo-European word for claw, fingernail--see for example Latin unguis and Old Irish ingen).
The primary purpose of introducing cognates is not only to teach elementary school students the meanings and pronunciations of individual cognate words, but also to stimulate thinking about how much regularity or connections exist between Spanish and English words.
I now realize that the absence of specific citations for cognate forms in EDLIL may cause confusion as regards the Anatolian evidence, since many of Kloekhorst's analyses differ from what scholars have hitherto assumed.
In other words, they have a variety of cross-linguistic transfer strategies such as code-switching or focusing on cognates that they can use to improve their reading comprehension.
Considering the large number of cognate pairs between Spanish and English, there is a high possibility for transfer to occur for a large number of words.
Where are the borders between ceremonially or musically cognate genres, and what is the nature of those borders?
Although claimed to be able to discriminate between proficiency levels, Horst and Collins (2006) found out that, in some cases, LFP did not identify the expected increases in use of less frequent words; therefore they complemented their analysis with other indicators such as the Greco-Latin cognate index, which is also an extrinsic measure inasmuch as words are categorised in terms of their origin (that is, whether they are present in a list of cognates or not).