cognomen

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Related to cognomens: agnomen, cognomina

cognomen

noun appelation, appellative, byname, byword, denomination, designation, name, nickname, sobriquet, style
See also: call, expression, sobriquet, term, title

COGNOMEN. A Latin word, which signifies a family name. The praenomen among the Romans distinguished the person, the nomen, the gens, or all the kindred descended from a remote common stock through males, while the cognomen denoted the particular family. The agnomen was added on account of some particular event, as a further distinction. Thus, in the designation Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Publius is the proenomen, Cornelius is the nomen, Scipio the cognomen, and Africanus the agnomen. Vicat. These several terms occur frequently in the Roman laws. See Cas. temp. Hardw. 286; 1 Tayl. 148. See Name; Surname.

References in periodicals archive ?
But it remains the case that the desire evoked by the cognomens is the desire to strip them off.
Although Agnes may not have been Greek, the shoemaker-in-training, Fingenu, certainly was, to judge by her cognomen and first name together.
A woman's identity is described either by her first name followed by her cognomen, as in "Maria Corner," or by her first name and her marital status, as in "Marchesina, wife of Marco Corner.
She appointed as her executors in the following order, her son-in-law, Giovanni Ystrigo (whose cognomen suggests that he was Latin), his wife and her daughter, Anica, and lastly Cali's son, Matteo.
Hetpet has a number of cognomens among which is the priest of the goddess Hathour.
Hetpet has number of cognomens from them is the Priest of the goddess Hathour.
started the cognomen, and now it is finding general favor.