cognomen

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cognomen

noun appelation, appellative, byname, byword, denomination, designation, name, nickname, sobriquet, style
See also: call, expression, sobriquet, term, title

COGNOMEN. A Latin word, which signifies a family name. The praenomen among the Romans distinguished the person, the nomen, the gens, or all the kindred descended from a remote common stock through males, while the cognomen denoted the particular family. The agnomen was added on account of some particular event, as a further distinction. Thus, in the designation Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Publius is the proenomen, Cornelius is the nomen, Scipio the cognomen, and Africanus the agnomen. Vicat. These several terms occur frequently in the Roman laws. See Cas. temp. Hardw. 286; 1 Tayl. 148. See Name; Surname.

References in periodicals archive ?
L'etude des cognomina montre, ce qui n'est pas surprenant, une predominance du latin, chez les decurions: nos.
In Book 8 we find the cognomina repeated in the centre of Vulcan's shield: Augustus .
Kajanto, The Latin Cognomina Helsinski 1965) 220 has shown