combination


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Related to combination: Combination reaction

Combination

In Criminal Law, an agreement between two or more people to act jointly for an unlawful purpose; a conspiracy. In patent law, the joining together of several separate inventions to produce a new invention.

An illegal combination in restraint of trade, defined under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, is one in which the conspirators agree expressly or impliedly to use devices such as price-fixing agreements to eliminate competition in a certain locality, e.g., when a group of furniture manufacturers refuse to deliver goods to stores that sell their goods for under a certain price.

In patent law a combination is distinguishable from an aggregation in that it is a joint operation of elements that produces a new result as opposed to a mere grouping together of old elements. This is important in determining whether or not something is patentable, since no valid patent can extend to an aggregation.

combination

noun affiliation, aggregate, amalgamation, arrangement, assemblage, bringing tooether, coadjutorship, coalescence, coalition, collection, composition, compound, coniunctio, congregation, conjunction, consolidation, fusion, incorporation, junction, merger, pool, societas, unification, union
Associated concepts: combination in restraint of trade, combination to restrict competition and commerce, combination trademark, combined offense, combined property, illegal combination, patentable combination
See also: accession, affiliation, alliance, assemblage, association, band, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, collection, compact, company, compilation, composition, concert, confederacy, connection, consolidation, consortium, conspiracy, contact, content, contribution, corporation, enterprise, federation, incorporation, integration, joinder, league, melange, merger, organization, partnership, pool, relationship, selection, sodality, solution, structure, substance, union, unity

COMBINATION. A union of different things. A patent may be taken out for a new combination of existing machinery, or machines. See 2 Mason, 112; and Composition of matter.
     2. By combination is understood, in a bad sense, a union of men for the purpose of violating the law.

References in periodicals archive ?
The primary objective of the trial is to determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD), Dose-Limiting Toxicity (DLT), recommended dose and dosing schedule and safety profile of REOLYSIN(R) when administered in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel.
The implementation guidance provides examples of how to account for different business combinations and explanations of topics, such as definition of a business; measuring the fair value of the acquiree; intangible assets; illustration of disclosure requirements; and reverse acquisitions.
A determination has to be made whether the combination will have an impact on load bearing walls, relocation of risers and vents as well as, plumbing, heating and electrical lines.
We conclude that the natural rate, activity, diffusion, combination, and indicator models are not robust inflation forecasting frameworks.
Finally, the investigators compared treated and untreated women and found that those who had used monotherapy or combination therapy with or without protease inhibitors were, in general, as likely as untreated women to have a premature or very premature delivery or a baby of low or very low birth weight.
The cost of an entity acquired in a business combination includes the direct costs of the business combination, which include "out-of-pocket" or incremental costs directly related to a business combination (such as a finder's fee and fees paid to outside consultants for accounting, legal or engineering investigations or for appraisals).
On January 5, 2001, Bristol Myers Squibb issued a letter to alert health care professionals to the potential increased risk of lactic acidosis and liver damage in pregnant women treated with the combination of Zerit and Videx.
As proved by tests, the optimal mold temperature concerning the tested material combination is 145 [degrees] C.
Approved March 14, 1996 for use alone or in combination with nucleoside analogues for the treatment of HIV infection in adults.
1 illustrates the basic pass combination, with B and C passing the ball back and forth until A can work free for the ("up") pass from C (first pass).
Lancaster Elementary Principal Ann Hurd, a proponent of combination classes, has several multi-age classes this year.
97, Business Combinations Prior to an Initial Public Offering, clearly states that a combination of two or more businesses should be accounted for in accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion no.