territory

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Territory

A part of a country separated from the rest and subject to a particular jurisdiction.

The term territory has various meanings in different contexts. Generally, the term refers to a particular or indeterminate geographical area. In a legal context, territory usually denotes a geographical area that has been acquired by a particular country but has not been recognized as a full participant in that country's affairs. In the United States, Guam is one example of a territory. Though it is considered a part of the United States and is governed by the U.S. Congress, Guam does not have full rights of statehood, such as full representation in Congress or full coverage under the U.S. Constitution.

The term territory is also used in the law to describe an assigned area of responsibility. A salesperson, for example, may work in a certain area. A salesperson's territory may be legally significant in a contract case. Assume that Sally has agreed to sell widgets on commission in a specific territory on the condition that no other seller from the widget supplier will do business in that territory. If the supplier arranges for another seller to encroach on Sally's territory, Sally may take legal action against the supplier.

Cross-references

Territories of the United States.

territory

noun ager, area, beat, circuit, clime, demesne, district, division, domain, dominion, environs, expanse, field, land, latitude, locale, place, precinct, province, quarter, realm, regio, region, scene, section, terrain, tract, zone
See also: area, bailiwick, capacity, circuit, district, domain, dominion, estate, freehold, jurisdiction, land, locality, location, parcel, possessions, property, province, purview, realm, region, scope, section, site, space, sphere, venue, vicinity, zone

TERRITORY. Apart of a country, separated from the rest, and subject to a particular jurisdiction. The word is derived from terreo, and is so called because the magistrate within his jurisdiction has the power of inspiring a salutary fear. Dictum cat ab eo quod magistratus intra fines ejus terrendi jus habet. Henrion de Pansy, Auth. Judiciare, 98. In speaking of the ecclesiastical jurisdictions, Francis Duaren observes, that the ecclesiastics are said not to have territory, nor the power of arrest or removal, and are not unlike the Roman magistrates of whom Gellius says vocationem habebant non prehensionem. De Sacris Eccl. Minist. lib. 1, cap. 4. In the sense it is used in the constitution of the United States, it signifies a portion of the country subject to and belonging to the United States, which is not within the boundary of any of them.
     2. The constitution of the United States, art. 4, s. 3, provides, that "the congress shall have power to dispose of, and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property of the United States; and nothing in this constitution shall be construed, so as to preclude the claims of the United States or of any state."
     3. Congress possesses the power to erect territorial governments within the territory of the United States; the power of congress over such territory is exclusive and universal, and their legislation is subject to no control, unless in the case of ceded territory, as far as it may be affected by stipulations in the cessions, or by the ordinance of 1787, 3 Story's L. U. S. 2073, under which any part of it has been settled. Story on the Const. Sec. 1322; Rawle on the Const: 237; 1 Kent's Com. 243, 359; 1 Pet. S. C. Rep. 511, 542, 517.
     4. The only organized territories of the United States are Oregon, Minnesota, New Mexico and Utah. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Shooting does and accepting the fact that some young bucks will disperse while others will enter your area just comes with the territory.
Maybe it's because we're a young firm or simply because it comes with the territory - or the locations where we have the most contacts.
Some modicum of sexual appeal comes with the territory, and a sexual aura surrounds it.
For an Internet sleuth, finding missing information comes with the territory.
For followers of Carroll Dunham's work, the notion that his art requires a long-term commitment from the viewer is part of the shared faith that comes with the territory.
But I'm a retailer, and that comes with the territory.
Doubt comes with the territory so to be initially nominated for the prize by painter Elizabeth Magill, who I did not know, and then for the work to be rewarded by this particular panel of jurors is a huge boost and vote of confidence.
Hughton is cautious against heaping too much responsibility on the 24-year-old and said: "We have brought Ricky in here for a particular reason, but he is a team player, first and foremost, that has a responsibility to the team to lead the line and ultimately score goals, but that comes with the territory.
But that's part and parcel of the game and you take what comes with the territory.
In a documentary about his 10-year tenure, Swansea-born Dr Rowan Williams, right, has revealed how "risking unpopularity" and "taking the flak" comes with the territory.