common


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Common

Belonging to or pertaining to the general public. Common lands, also known as public lands, are those that are set aside for use by the community at large, such as parks and public recreation areas. Common also means habitual or recurring, such as offenses that are committed frequently or repeatedly. A common thief is one who has been repeatedly convicted of Larceny. Something that is common is owned equally by two or more people, such as a piece of land. A Tenancy in Common is an interest in land wherein at least two people share ownership.

common

(Customary), adjective accepted, commonplace, conventional, current, currently perreived, established, everyday, familiar, frequent, generally known, natural, normal, often met with, ordinary, popular, prevailing, prevalent, publicly known, received, repeatedly recognized, traditional, typical, univerrally known, usual, usually understood, well-known, widely known, widespread
Associated concepts: common assault, common-law, common-law burglary, common-law contempt, common-law copyright, common-law crime, common-law forgery, common-law jurisdiction, common-law larceny, common-law lien, common-law marriage, common-law misdemeanor, common-law murder, common-law nuisance, common-law remedy, common-law trademark, common-law trust, common-law wife, common liability, common peril, common question of law or fact, common seal, common source of title, common stock, common thief, common use

common

(Shared), adjective belonging equally to, belonging to all, belonging to many, collective, communal, communis, commutual, conjoint, cooperative, for the use of all, in partnership, joint, mutual, owned jointly, participatory, pertaining to the whole community, pooled, popular, public, publicus, reciprocal, shared among several, shared by two or more, universal, used by all
Associated concepts: common adventure, common belief, common boundary line, common carrier, common council, common directors, common disaster, common driveway, common enemy doctrine, common enterprise, common good, common interest, common jurisdiction, common knowledge, common labor, common lands, common neeessity, common plan, common plea courts, common property, common recovery, common rights, common scheme, common stock, common wall, common walls
See also: accustomed, average, base, blatant, boiler plate, civic, cognate, collective, competitive, concurrent, conjoint, conventional, current, customary, daily, familiar, frequent, general, generic, habitual, household, ignoble, inelegant, inferior, informal, jejune, joint, mediocre, mundane, mutual, national, nondescript, normal, obtrusive, open, orthodox, poor, predominant, prevailing, prevalent, pro forma, profane, prosaic, proverbial, public, reciprocal, regular, repeated, rife, routine, stale, standard, tawdry, traditional, trite, typical, united, usual

common

the right to go on to someone else's property and remove natural products, as by pasturing cattle or fishing.

COMMON. or right of common, English law. An encorporeal hereditament, which consists in a profit which a man has in the lands of another. 12 S. & R. 32; 10 Wend. R. 647; 11 John. R. 498; 2 Bouv. Inst. 1640, et seq.
     2. Common is of four sorts; of pasture, piscary, turbary and estovers. Finch's Law, 157; Co. Litt. 122; 2 Inst. 86; 2 Bl. Com. 32.
     3. - 1. Common of pasture is a right of feeding one's beasts on another's land, and is either appendant, appurtenant, or in gross.
     4. Common appendant is of common right, and it may be claimed in pleading as appendant, without laying a prescription. Hargr. note to 2 Inst. 122, a note.
     5. Rights of common appurtenant to the claimant's land are altogether independent of the tenure, and do not arise from any absolute necessity; but may be annexed to lands in other lordships, or extended to other beasts besides. such as are generally commonable.
     6. Common in gross, or at large, is such as is neither appendant nor appurtenant to land, but is annexed to a man's person. All these species of pasturable common, may be and usually are limited to number and time; but there are also commons without stint, which last all the year. 2 Bl. Com. 34.
     7. - 2. Common of piscary is the liberty of fishing in another man's water. lb. See Fishery.
     8. - 3. Common of turbary is the liberty of digging turf in another man's ground. Ib.
     9.-4. Common of estovers is the liberty of taking necessary wood-for the use or furniture of a house or farm from another man's estate. Ib.; 10 Wend. R. 639. See Estovers.
    10. The right of common is little known in the United States, yet there are some regulations to be found in relation to this subject. The constitution of Illinois provides for the continuance of certain commons in that state. Const. art. 8, s. 8.
    11. All unappropriated lands on the Chesapeake Bay, on the Shore of the sea, or of any river or creek, and the bed of any river or creek, in the eastern parts of the commonwealth, ungranted and used as common, it is declared by statute in Virginia, shall remain so, and not be subject to grant. 1 Virg. Rev. C. 142.
    12. In most of the cities and towns in the United States, there are considerable tracts of land appropriated to public use. These commons were generally laid out with the cities or towns where they are found, either by the original proprietors or by the early inhabitants. Vide 2 Pick. Rep. 475; 12 S. & R. 32; 2 Dane's. Ab. 610; 14 Mass. R. 440; 6 Verm. 355. See, in general, Vin. Abr. Common; Bac. Abr. Common; Com. Dig. Common; Stark. Ev. part 4, p. 383; Cruise on Real Property, h.t.; Metc. & Perk. Dig. Common, and Common lands and General fields.

COMMON, TENANTS IN. Tenants in common are such as hold an estate, real or personal, by several distinct titles, but by a unity of possession. Vide Tenant in common; Estate in common.

LAW, COMMON. The common law is that which derives its force and authority from the universal consent and immemorial practice of the people. It has never received the sanction of the legislature, by an express act, which is the criterion by which it is distinguished from the statute law. It has never been reduced to writing; by this expression, however, it is not meant that all those laws are at present merely oral, or communicated from former ages to the present solely by word of mouth, but that the evidence of our common law is contained in our books of Reports, and depends on the general practice and judicial adjudications of our courts.
     2. The common law is derived from two sources, the common law of England, and the practice and decision of our own courts. In some states the English common law has been adopted by statute. There is no general rule to ascertain what part of the English common law is valid and binding. To run the line of distinction, is a subject of embarrassment to courts, and the want of it a great perplexity to the student. Kirb. Rep. Pref. It may, however, be observed generally, that it is binding where it has not been superseded by the constitution of the United States, or of the several states, or by their legislative enactments, or varied by custom, and where it is founded in reason and consonant to the genius and manners of the people.
     3. The phrase "common law" occurs in the seventh article of the amendments of the constitution of the United States. "In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall not exceed twenty dollar says that article, "the right of trial by jury shall be preserved. The "common law" here mentioned is the common law of England, and not of any particular state. 1 Gall. 20; 1 Bald. 558; 3 Wheat. 223; 3 Pet. R. 446; 1 Bald. R. 554. The term is used in contradistinction to equity, admiralty, and maritime law. 3 Pet. 446; 1 Bald. 554.
     4. The common law of England is not in all respects to be taken as that of the United States, or of the several states; its general principles are adopted only so far as they are applicable to our situation. 2 Pet, 144; 8 Pet. 659; 9 Cranch, 333; 9 S. & R. 330; 1 Blackf 66, 82, 206; Kirby, 117; 5 Har. & John. 356; 2 Aik. 187; Charlt. 172; 1 Ham. 243. See 5 Cow. 628; 5 Pet. 241; 1 Dall. 67; 1 Mass. 61; 9 Pick. 532; 3 Greenl. 162; 6 Greenl. 55; 3 Gill & John. 62; Sampson's Discourse before the Historical Society of New York; 1 Gallis. R. 489; 3 Conn. R. 114; 2 Dall. 2, 297, 384; 7 Cranch, R. 32; 1 Wheat. R. 415; 3 Wheat. 223; 1 Blackf. R. 205; 8 Pet. R. 658; 5 Cowen, R. 628; 2 Stew. R. 362.

References in periodicals archive ?
The documents were generated in anticipation of minimizing something of common interest to both parties in this suit: exposure to liability from tort claimants.
Because an S corporation cats have only one class of stock, if the shareholders intend to retain S status (which means that only voting and nonvoting common stock will be issued and/or exchanged), Sec.
Accordingly, the determination whether the IAS are too "investor orientated" can only be determined through a comprehensive review of the IAS, in the context of either: (a) tax accounting rules in each Member State, or (b) a common set of tax accounting rules, and corresponding underlying taxation principles.
The objective of basic EPS is to measure performance for the reporting period by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding (see the flowchart on pages 64-66).
This reviewer would question Cecil-Fronsman's decision to define as common whites everyone from the landless squatter to the small slaveholder who had not yet achieved elite status.
After June 30, 2007, each share of Class B Common Stock, Series 1 is entitled to at least 100% of any regular quarterly cash dividend paid on each share of Class A Common Stock.
The decedent left his voting common stock, plus the amount of nonvoting common stock that, when added to the voting common stock, would equal the estate tax unified credit amount ($600,000 in 1993), in trust for his children; he left the rest of the nonvoting common stock to his surviving spouse.
72, the parent corporation owned 100 percent of the common stock and 55.
Basic EPS-derived from historically based data--would be calculated by dividing income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.
Justice Saxe acknowledged that the condominium statute on the one hand affords the first mortgagee of a condominium residential unit a lien superior to the lien for unpaid common charges, yet on the other hand requires that any grantee of the unit pay to the condominium those very common charges.
A common improvement is any real property or improvement to real property that benefits two or more properties separately held for sale by a developer.
A CRCO occurs during a taxable year if, at the end of such year, (1) one or more persons described in section 382(a)(2) of the 1954 Code own a percentage of the common parent's stock that is more than 50-percentage points greater than they owned at the beginning of either the taxable year or the preceding taxble year, and (2) such increase in ownership is due to a purchase of such stock or a decrease in the amount of stock outstanding.

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