confirmation


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confirmation

noun acceptance, accord, acknowledgment, acquiescence, admission, affirmance, affirmation, approval, assent, assurance, attestation, authentication, authorization, averment, avouchment, certification, corroboration, corroborative statement, declaration, deposition, endorsement, legal pledge, oath, proof, sanction, seal, solemn averment, solemn avowal, solemn declaration, stamp of approval, subscription, support, swearing, validation, verification, visé, warrant
Associated concepts: confirmation of judgment, confirmaaion of sale
Foreign phrases: Non valet confirmatio, nisi ille, qui connirmat, sit in possessione rei vel juris unde fieri debet confirmatio; et eodem modo, misi ille cui confirmatio fit sit in possessione.Confirmation is not valid unless he who confirms is either in possession of the thing itself or of the right of which confirmation is to be made, and, in like manner, unless he to whom confirmation is made is in possession. Confirmatio est nulla ubi donum praecedens est invalidum. Confirmation is a nullity where the preceding gift is invalid. Confirmatio omnes supplet defectus, licet id quod actum est ab initio non valuit. Confirmation supplies all defects, though that which had been done was not valid at the beginning.
See also: acceptance, acknowledgment, admittance, affirmance, affirmation, approval, assent, asseveration, averment, avowal, certainty, certification, charter, collation, confession, consent, contract, corroboration, disclosure, document, documentation, evidence, indorsement, jurat, legalization, license, permit, proof, ratification, recommendation, reference, sanction, subscription, support, surety

confirmation

in the Scots law of succession, the official document that allows the executor to administer the estate. It reproduces the inventory of the estate submitted by the executor. The confirmation includes heritage and is effective throughout the whole of the UK. It affects property outside Scotland if the deceased had been domiciled in Scotland. A simpler form is available for small estates.

CONFIRMATION, contracts, conveyancing. 1. A contract by which that which was voidable, is made firm and unavoidable.
     2. A species of conveyance.
     2. - 1. When a contract has been entered into by a stranger without authority, he in whose name it has been made may, by his own act, confirm it; or if the contract be made by the party himself in an informal and voidable manner, he may in a more formal manner confirm and render it valid; and in that event it will take effect, as between the parties, from the original making. To make a valid confirmation, the party must be apprised of, his rights, and where there has been a fraud in the transaction, he must be award of it, and intend to confirm his contract. Vide 1 Ball & Beatty, 353; 2 Scho. & Lef. 486; 12 Ves. 373; 1 Ves. Jr. 215; Newl. Contr. 496; 1 Atk. 301; 8 Watts. R. 280.
     3. - 2. Lord Coke defines a confirmation of an estate, to be "a conveyance of an estate or right in esse, whereby a voidable estate is made sure and unavoidable; or where a particular estate is increased."
     4. The first part of this definition may be illustrated by the following case, put by Littleton, Sec. 516; where a person lets land to another for the term of his life, who lets the same to another for forty years, by force of which he is in possession; if the lessor for life confirms the estate of the tenant for years by deed, and afterwards the tenant for life dies, during the term; this deed will operate as a confirmation of the term for years.. As to the latter branch of the definition; whenever a confirmation operates by way of increasing the estate, it is similar in every respect to a release that operates by way of enlargement, for there must be privity of estate, and proper words of limitation. The proper technical words of a confirmation are, ratify and confirm; although it is usual and prudent to insert also the words given and granted. Watk. Prin. Convey. chap. vii.
     5. A confirmation does not strengthen a void estate. Confirmatio est nulla, ubi donum precedens est invalidum, et ubi donatio nulla est nec valebit confirmatio. For confirmation may make a voidable or defeasible estate good, but cannot operate on an estate void in law. Co. Litt. 295. The canon law agrees with this rule, and hence the maxim, qui confirmat nihil dat. Toull. Dr. Civ. Fr. liv. 3, t. 3, c. 6, n. 476. Vide Vin. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. 11. t.; Ayliffe's Pand. *386; 1 Chit. Pr. 315; 3 Gill & John. 290; 3 Yerg. R. 405; Co. Litt. 295; Gilbert on Ten. 75; 1 Breese's R. 236; 9 Co. 142, a; 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2067-9.
     6. An infant is said to confirm his acts performed during infancy, when, after coming to full age, be expressly approves of them, or does acts from which such confirmation way be implied. Sec Ratification.

References in periodicals archive ?
He acknowledged that his confirmation was a big boost for the DOH.
It says all nominees are advised to conduct themselves properly during confirmation proceedings, disclosing that all confirmations proceedings shall be conducted in the conference room of the Senate or Pro Tempore's conference room or in the Senate's Chamber.
com is used in over 140 countries by banks, companies, and law firms to respond to audit confirmation requests.
The use of encryption, electronic digital signatures, and procedures to verify the authenticity of a website provides evidence that the confirmation is legitimate when received through e-mail.
Huvanesianfar (2009) pointing to the importance of audit confirmation in his research, has surveyed the factors diminishing effectiveness of audit confirmation results.
Though Cubic focuses on the overarching theme of the sanctions' prohibition of financial support to Iran, the Court notes that the sanctions do not prevent the confirmation of the award, though actual payment may be impeded.
The clarified SAS Performing Audit Procedures in Response to Assessed Risks and Evaluating the Audit Evidence Obtained (Redrafted) also indicates that external confirmation procedures may assist the auditor in obtaining audit evidence with the high level of reliability that the auditor requires to respond to significant risks of material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
The role of friends, participation by boys versus girls, peer groups, having fun, what students expected from confirmation and what they felt they had received were analyzed.
Identity confirmation stems from research on work groups (Milton & Westphal, 2005).
The Practice Alert issued by AACN in 2005 recommends radiographic confirmation of correct tube placement prior to initial use in all critically ill patients receiving feedings or medications via blindly inserted tubes.
My observations of our American and current church cultures lead me to conclude that our nation should require two years of citizen service of all young folks after high school, and our church should not offer Confirmation before the age of majority or even into a person's 20s.
What isn't right is any attempt to derail his confirmation with a filibuster.