connivance

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Connivance

The furtive consent of one person to cooperate with another in the commission of an unlawful act or crime—such as an employer's agreement not to withhold taxes from the salary of an employee who wants to evade federal Income Tax. The false consent that a plaintiff gave to a defendant's past conduct during their marriage which the plaintiff presently alleges as a ground for Divorce.

Connivance has been used as a defense primarily in an action for divorce based upon Adultery. In situations where connivance is used, the facts must establish that the plaintiff either consented or knowingly acquiesced to the adulterous conduct of the spouse or created the opportunity for adultery by persuading someone to seduce the spouse. It is considered a logical extension of the equitable Maxim of clean hands in that it would be unfair to permit a plaintiff to obtain judicial relief for a situation which he or she created. Practically speaking, however, connivance is rarely asserted as a defense. The modern trend in divorce laws is that there is little benefit to continuing a marital relationship between partners so indifferent to each other that they consent to a serious violation of their marital vows.

The defense of connivance cannot be asserted in an action based upon a state's no-fault divorce laws.

connivance

noun act of maneuvering, act of schemmng, alliance, association, chicanery, coagency, coincidence, collaboration, collusion, combined operation, complicity, complot, concert, concord, concurrence, concurrent opinnon, confederacy, conjunction, conspiracy, contrivance, cooperation, corrupt agreement, corrupt collusion, corrupt consent, corrupt consenting, corrupt cooperation, implied assent, indulgentia, intrigue, joint effort, joint planning, junction, league, liaison, machination, manipulation, plot, scheme, secret approval, underhand particiiation, underhanded complicity, underplot, voluntary overright, working together
Associated concepts: connivance as a defense to a divorce
See also: artifice, bad faith, bribery, cabal, collusion, confederacy, conspiracy, contrivance

connivance

the tacit encouragement of or assent to another's wrongdoing, for example, the petitioner in a divorce suit to the respondent's adultery. See also LENOCINIUM.

CONNIVANCE. An agreement or consent, indirectly given, that something unlawful shall be done by another.
     2. The connivance of the husband to his wife's prostitution deprives him of the right of obtaining a divorce; or of recovering damages from the seducer. 4 T. R. 657. It may be satisfactorily proved by implication.
     3. Connivance differs from condonation, (q.v.) though either may have the same legal consequences. Connivance necessarily involves criminality on the part of the individual who connives, condonation may take place without implying the slightest blame to the party who forgives the injury.
     4. Connivance must be the act of the mind before the offence has been committed; condonation is the result of a determination to forgive an injury which was not known until after it was inflicted. 3 Hagg. Eccl. R. 350.
     5. Connivance differs, also, from collusion (q. Y.); the former is generally collusion. for a particular purpose, while the latter may exist without connivance. 3 Hagg, Eccl. R. 130. Vide Shelf. on Mar. & Div. 449; 3 Hagg. R. 82; 2 Hagg. R. 376; Id. 278; 3 Hagg. R. 58, 107, 119, 131, 312; 3 Pick. R. 299; 2 Caines, 219; Anth. N.P. 196.

References in periodicals archive ?
Toutefois, il est presente a un moment tellement opportun pour les adversaires de la SBJNQ que nous croyons qu'il y a probablement connivence entre la Chambre de commerce et le gouvernement.
De meme que le dialogue entre le spectateur et la peinture suscite un sourire de connivence, celui entre le proche et le lointain, entre le visible et l'invisible, au milieu de la brume et de nuages, cree un paysage harmonieux ; de meme que le dialogue entre Tianyi et les ecrivains occidentaux fait naitre un Tianyi qui ose creuser un grand ecart entre ses racines et lui, celui entre Dao-sheng et le missionnaire jesuite qui met au monde un Dao-sheng qui se laisse conduire par l'amour et en tire sa force en attente comme en action.
Que les references convoquees fonctionnent comme modeles ou repoussoirs, une connivence s'etablit entre le relationnaire et son lecteur, comme le montrent notamment Frederic Tinguely ("Reforme et reecriture dans le Voyage de Jean Chesneau"), Luigi Monga ("Realisme et fiction dans l'ecriture de voyage a la Renaissance") ou encore Valerie Berty ("Ecuador: un anti-recit de voyage").
Hence his appeal to the reader not so much for sympathy or compassion but for connivence.
Still at work in Paris, the city of her birth, she recently oversaw the installation of "Charlotte Perriand, Fernand Leger: une connivence," a survey exhibition focusing on her collaborations with the painter that recently opened at the Musee National Fernand Leger in Blot.
Si la realite du migrant est brossee en des oeuvres de facture realiste ou, au contraire, sur un mode plus symbolique, mais en mettant en scene des personnages d'etrangeres au statut semiotique plein, le regard devient autre: il y a a la fois connivence et distanciation esthetique, ce qui contribue nuancer la position du lecteur, sa reception du texte.
18), revelant ici une critique (generalement refoulee) du mari Leonard, mettent a jour certains details intimes, dans une ecriture faite de connivence et de ludisme (Virginia utilisant le pseudonyme Potto dans la lettre 4), avec des compliments sur la poesie de Vita, en plus de quelques realites quotidiennes.
Le representant du Conseil consultatif maghrebin, Mohamed Bouguettaia, a exprime le soutien de l'Algerie au peuple palestinien tout en regrettant le silence des pays arabes dont certains regimes sont de connivence avec IsraE1/2l.
C'est pour cette raison que le Maroc, riche par sa vision constructive, et les forces vives du continent desireuses de tourner la page de la pauvrete, convergent pour un objectif commun et sont en connivence positive pour une Afrique productive.
Dans ce volet securitaire, les quotidiens +This Day+ et +Leadership+ reviennent sur l'affaire de cache d'armes a Borno (nord), dans laquelle certains residents Libanais ont ete soupconnes de connivence avec Hezbollah et arretes, depuis.
La construction du patrimoine bati catholique se revele une forme de contrat entre les laics et les clercs: l'achat ou le don du terrain, les contributions extraordinaires ou les maigres subsides consentis par les autorites publiques racontent des episodes de connivence et de collaboration entre la hierarchie catholique et les civils.
Ces derniers se sont plaints du fait que les depositaires avaient decide, de connivence avec les detaillants, de doubler les prix des bonbonnes, tout en favorisant leurs connaissances, leurs amis et les clients connus.