conscience

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conscience

noun categorical imperative, code of duty, code of honor, compunction, conscientia, ethical judgment, ethical philosophy, ethical self, ethics, high ideals, high standards, honesty, honor, inner voice, integrity, inward monitor, mind, moral faculty, moral obligation, moral prinniples, moral sense, principle, probity, professional ethics, rectitude, scruples, sense of duty, sense of moral right, sense of right and wrong, superego, uprightness
Associated concepts: conscientious objector
Foreign phrases: Fides est obligatio conscientiae alicujus ad intentionem alterius.A trust is an obligation of conncience of one to the will of another. Judex habere debet duos sales—sales, salem sapientiae, ne sit insipidus; et salem conscientiae, ne sit diabolus . A judge ought to have two salts-the salt of wisdom, lest he be insipid; and the salt of conscience, lest he be devilish. La conscience est la plus changeante des regles. Conscience is the most changeable of rules.
See also: commitment, probity, remorse, responsibility

conscience

an internal sense of right and wrong. To respect differences between persons the law sometimes permits a CONSCIENCE CLAUSE. Freedom of conscience is a HUMAN RIGHT

CONSCIENCE. The moral sense, or that capacity of our mental constitution, by which we irresistibly feel the difference between right and wrong.
     2. The constitution of the United States wisely provides that "no religious test shall ever be required." No man, then, or body of men, have a right to control a man's belief or opinion in religious matters, or to forbid the most perfect freedom of inquiry in relation to them, by force or threats, or by any other motives than arguments or persuasion. Vide Story, Const. Sec. 1841-1843.

References in classic literature ?
But it is an error to suppose that our great forefathers -- though accustomed to speak and think of human existence as a state merely of trial and warfare, and though unfeignedly prepared to sacrifice goods and life at the behest of duty -- made it a matter of conscience to reject such means of comfort, or even luxury, as lay fairly within their grasp.
A very few--as heroes, patriots, martyrs, reformers in the great sense, and men--serve the state with their consciences also, and so necessarily resist it for the most part; and they are commonly treated as enemies by it.
My visitors seemed to breathe more freely when he was gone; but my own relief was very great, for besides the constraint, arising from that extraordinary sense of being at a disadvantage which I always had in this man's presence, my conscience had embarrassed me with whispers that I had mistrusted his master, and I could not repress a vague uneasy dread that he might find it out.
And were all this otherwise, wouldst thou have us show a worse conscience than an unbeliever, a Hebrew Jew?
The treasurer was of the same opinion: he showed to what straits his majesty's revenue was reduced, by the charge of maintaining you, which would soon grow insupportable; that the secretary's expedient of putting out your eyes, was so far from being a remedy against this evil, that it would probably increase it, as is manifest from the common practice of blinding some kind of fowls, after which they fed the faster, and grew sooner fat; that his sacred majesty and the council, who are your judges, were, in their own consciences, fully convinced of your guilt, which was a sufficient argument to condemn you to death, without the formal proofs required by the strict letter of the law.
Have respect, therefore, to your own consciences and to public opinion.
If your child become our child, we must breed him up in the instruction which Heaven has imparted to us; we must pray for him the prayers of our own faith; we must do towards him according to the dictates of our own consciences, and not of yours.
They began to look around them for some spot where they might worship God, not as the king and bishops thought fit, but according to the dictates of their own consciences.
After his departure, the consciences of some of the most orthodox Crows pricked them sorely for having suffered such a cavalcade to escape out of their hands.
Only I think it 'ud be better if their consciences 'ud let 'em stay quiet i' the church-- there's a deal to be learnt there.
They would probably send the regiment to the polls forthwith and examine their own consciences as to their duty to Erin; but they would never be easy any more.
How it was that the priesthood of Typee satisfied the affair with their consciences, I know not; but so it was, and Fayaway dispensation from this portion of the taboo was at length procured.