Surgery

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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, little is known about the impact of facility characteristics on the interval between breast conservative surgery and radiotherapy.
For patients with local tumor recurrence following mastectomy or conservative surgery, a local treatment of solid tumors that spares normal tissue may be a preferable method for the local management of recurrent breast carcinoma while preserving tissue function and appearance.
The objective is again to shrink otherwise inoperable tumors, allowing them to be removed through conservative surgery.
LOS ANGELES - Conservative surgery for borderline ovarian tumors resulted in 100% survival without any recurrences and preserved fertility in some cases in a retrospective study of 25 patients.
Because conservative surgery has been shown to provide just as much local control as radical surgery, supracricoid partial laryngectomy is indicated for selected cases of squamous cell carcinoma and nonsquamous cell carcinoma.
The study, the first to examine the effect of smoking on long-term outcomes of breast cancer patients treated with conservative surgery and radiation, finds that women who continue to smoke during therapy are 2.
Conservative surgery in the form of wide local excision and axillary node dissection followed by radiotherapy is contraindicated because even with shielding, radiation scatter may affect the pregnancy.
Conservative surgery is the treatment of choice for laryngeal chondrosarcomas, and the specific modalities and techniques have been the subject of discussion in the literature.
Up until now, there has been no agreement on how to deal with early breast cancer -- treatments range from conservative surgery to radical mastectomy.
Recurrence is common (20%), but it can be managed with additional conservative surgery until the patient reaches the point where laryngectomy may be the only resort.
Conversely, conservative surgery is appropriate for patients without angioinvasion, thus sparing them the morbidity of wide-field resection.
Conservative surgery and postoperative radiotherapy in 300 adults with soft-tissue sarcomas.

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