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An actual dispute between individuals who seek judicial resolution of their grievances that have arisen from a conflict of their alleged legal rights.

A controversy describes only civil litigation, which is intended to protect and enforce private rights. In contrast, the term case applies to both a civil action and a criminal prosecution, designed to enforce and safeguard the rights of the general public.

The judicial power of a court to provide redress of wrongs exists only when issues arise in a given situation that can be categorized as a case or controversy.


n. 1) disagreement, argument, or quarrel. 2) a dispute, which must be an actual contested issue between parties in order to be heard by a court. The United States Supreme Court particularly requires an "actual controversy" and avoids giving "what if" advisory opinions. (See: advisory opinion, collusion)


(Argument), noun altercatio, antagonism, argumentation, brawl, break, broil, conflict, conflict of opinion, contention, contest, controversia, debate, difference of opinion, disaccord, disagreement, disceptatio, disceptation, discongruity, discordance, disharmony, disputation, dispute, dissuted point, disputed question, dissension, dissidence, disunion, disunity, divergence, divergent opinions, embroilment, failure to agree, feud, friction, impugnation, incongruence, inconsistency, inharmoniousness, inharmony, jangle, lack of concord, opposition, polemics, quarrel, question at issue, rupture, set-to, split, squabble, strife, subject of dispute, unconformity, variance, wrangle
Associated concepts: arbitrable controversy, matters in connroversy, submission of a controversy


(Lawsuit), noun action, case, case at law, cause, contest, judicial contest, legal action, legal arrument, legal proceeding, legal process, litigation, matter for judgment, process in law, suit in law
Associated concepts: actual present controversy, amount in controversy, case or controversy, controversies in bankkuptcy, controversy arising under Constitution, controversy arising under laws of the United States, controversy at law or in equity, controversy between citizens of a state and a foreign country, controversy between citizens of different states, controversy over claim, justiciable controversy, real controversy, settlement of controversy in bankruptcy, subbect of controversy, sum in controversy
See also: altercation, argument, belligerency, case, conflict, contention, contest, contradiction, difference, disaccord, disagreement, discord, disparity, dispute, dissension, dissidence, feud, fight, lawsuit, opposition, rift, strife, struggle, variance

CONTROVERSY. A dispute arising between two or more persons. It differs from case, which includes all suits criminal as well as civil; whereas controversy is a civil and not a criminal proceeding. 2 Dall. R. 419, 431, 432; 1 Tuck. Bl. Com. App. 420, 421; Story, Const. Sec. 1668.
     2. By the constitution of the United States the judicial power shall extend to controversies to which the United States shall be a party. Art. 2, 1. The meaning to be attached to the word controversy in the constitution, is that above given.

References in periodicals archive ?
That is why the controversy over the Taj Mahal was created by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders so that people's attention can be taken away from these burning issues," says Delhi-based political analyst Anup Saksena.
Our clients will benefit immensely from Jennys first-rate knowledge and extensive controversy experience representing companies in complex issues and across numerous industries, particularly those with significant intellectual property interests, including medical device, pharmaceutical, and technology companies, said Barton W.
Chambers & Partners is a respected benchmark in the legal community, and our continued ranking demonstrates the deep expertise our firm has in complex 'bet the company' civil and criminal tax controversy and litigation matters.
spoke on several other issues but he has not uttered a single word on the Latit Modi controversy.
Duck Dynasty Phil Robertson anti-gay comments to GQ: Phil stirred controversy for giving harsh comments regarding homosexuality.
Senderwicz extends this framework to the complex series of subsequent controversies that resulted in the development of two-dimensional semantics, a conceptual innovation that Senderwicz argues is inherently valuable and would have been impossible had it not been for the controversy engendered by the knowledge arguments.
What is interesting about the case of climate change," Mosley-Jensen writes, "is that the controversy has promulgated in exactly the opposite direction, agreement has been reached in science but the dissenters have taken their case before the public post hoc" (p.
Current controversy surrounding the validity of the ethnographic study conducted by anthropologist Margaret Mead is but one example of such academic controversy.
No doubt this misunderstanding would set the stage for the controversy that bears Whitsitt's name.
Earlier, Waqar had urged the Pakistan team to put the spot-fixing controversy behind, move on and make a fresh start.
Nathan Young and Ralph Matthews, The Aquaculture Controversy in Canada: Activism, Policy, and Contested Science.
The purpose of this paper is to introduce and explain a cooperative learning technique, Academic Controversy (Johnson, Johnson, & Smith, 1996), also known as Cooperative Controversy, Structured Controversy and Structured Academic Controversy, that has potential for use in education and other areas, and has support in both research and theory.