In particular, we compare two strategies: harvest of cows that are unaccompanied by calves versus harvest of cow-calf pairs
2007), and searches from aircraft for VHF collared cow-calf pairs
(Bailey and Bangs 1980, McGraw et al.
Further, characteristics of the larger post-parturition area used by the cow-calf pair
during the following 3-4 weeks have not been studied in detail.
Although determining sex-age class of moose was difficult in most recordings, we identified 4 cows, 3 bulls, and a cow-calf pair
In addition, Hereford cow-calf pairs
were potentially more sensitive to seasonal weather variability than the crossbred animals were.