credibility


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.

Credibility

Believability. The major legal application of the term credibility relates to the testimony of a witness or party during a trial. Testimony must be both competent and credible if it is to be accepted by the trier of fact as proof of an issue being litigated.

The credibility of a witness or party is based upon the ability of the jury to trust and believe what he or she says, and relates to the accuracy of his or her testimony as well as to its logic, truthfulness, and sincerity. Personal credibility depends upon the qualities of a person that would lead a jury to believe or disbelieve what the person said.

credibility

n. whether testimony is worthy of belief, based on competence of the witness and likelihood that it is true. Unless the testimony is contrary to other known facts or is extremely unlikely based on human experience, the test of credibility is purely subjective. (See: credible witness)

credibility

noun appearance of truth, auctoritas, believableness, credibleness, faithfulness, fides, integrity, plausibility, probity, rectitude, reliability, tenableness, trustworthiness, truthfulness, uprightness, veracity, verisimilitude
Associated concepts: credibility of a witness, impeachment of credibility

credibility

in the law of evidence, the aspect of evidence, usually the testimony of a witness, such that the fact-finder tells that the evidence can be believed. See also RELIABILITY.

CREDIBILITY. Worthiness of belief. To entitle a witness to credibility, he must be competent. Vide Competency.
     2. Human testimony can seldom acquire the certainty of demonstration. Witnesses not unfrequently are mistaken or wish to deceive; the most that can be expected is that moral certainty which arises from analogy. The credibility which is attached to such testimony, arises. from the double presumption that the witnesses have good sense and intelligence, and that they are not mistaken nor deceived; they are further presumed to have probity, and that they do not wish to deceive.
     3. To gain credibility, we must be assured, first, that the witness has not been mistaken nor deceived. To be assured as far as possible on this subject, it is proper to consider the nature and quality of the facts proved; the quality and person of the witness; the testimony in itself; and to compare it with the depositions of other witnesses on the subject, and with known facts. Secondly, we must be satisfied that he does not wish to deceive: there are strong assurances of this, when the witness is under oath, is a man of integrity, and disinterested. Vide Arch. Civ. Pl. 444; 5 Com. Dig. 449; 8 Watts, R. 227; Competency.

References in periodicals archive ?
Deciphering credibility of components of the internet among politically interested internet users.
The Credibility Lab will be working with more than 10 research-academic institutions, specializing in journalism studies and media sciences across Pakistan, a similar number of international universities and media development institutions will be partnering with Mishal Pakistan on this initiative.
Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corporation is stepping up to the plate and helping small businesses get the financing they need to help our economy thrive.
performance) on an athletic endorser's source credibility and the potential impact on the endorsed brand (i.
A news portal that uses stories from a credible source gets a boost in credibility and might even make money through advertising," said Sundar.
Saying that there needs to be a quick end to the rescue talks involving Greece, Weber dismissed concerns that the Greek debt crisis could undermine the credibility of the euro.
An early beginning of credibility theory appeared in Mowbray (1914) and Whitney (1918).
Olsson is critical of the claim that coherence based on independent beliefs (even this independence is a questionable assumption due to outer influences on beliefs) without assuming the credibility of those beliefs can lead to a truth claim.
26) Recording custodial interrogations enables each of these factors to be examined in its entirety, within context, to assess the credibility and veracity of confession evidence.
The LOE helps a reader understand the credibility of the results presented.
Current policymakers often emphasize the importance of credibility and cite the key role it has played over the past 25 years in keeping the economy on a steady and expanding course.
Many of Kohn's admirers worry that by charting a course so independent of the Chairman he is potentially heading down a perilous path that has hurt the credibility of some past vice chairmen.