Old English Masculine Weak Noun Paradigm singular plural nominative nama naman accusative naman naman genitive naman namena dative
In some cases of emotive bias, our reason is quite completely overcome and things do appear to us falsely; we become spoiled datives
marked NPs, in particular, are often described as a category somewhere between syntactic arguments and adjuncts.
1 Proto-Indo-European nominal endings (543), the thematic dative
singular is reconstructed as *-o (read *-oi) and the nom.
This does not mean that the languages under analysis are in absolute agreement in all respects: for instance, Latin uses the inflected ablative while Old English renders it by the accusative or dative
, for example: Lat.
In contrast to English, though, these verbs cannot appear in an equivalent to the English Dative
Alternation (Loretta sent the application to London) used for inanimate Goals.
2]- in the dative
form istaye has become a quasi-infinitive.
book III neither genitives nor datives
; book II has ie dative
but ea genitive, the second part of book I ea for both cases but the anomalous genitive eas and dative
Shibatani (1994) independently made a similar proposal for many other constructions that introduce an "extrathematic argument," including Japanese adversative passives and the many dative
-marked "extra participants" (benefactive, so-called ethical datives
of interest, etc.
Speaking against a dative
amredita is also the fact that none of the other Indo-European temporal constructions involving iteration show datives
K'iche' uses this construction to express datives
, instruments and locations, as shown in (11).
Wunderlich (1996, 2000) defends a view of "possessor" datives
in German which might be characterized as involving "lexical possessor raising.