de jure


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De Jure

[Latin, In law.] Legitimate; lawful, as a Matter of Law. Having complied with all the requirements imposed by law.

De jure is commonly paired with de facto, which means "in fact." In the course of ordinary events, the term de jure is superfluous. For example, in everyday discourse, when one speaks of a corporation or a government, the understood meaning is a de jure corporation or a de jure government.

A de jure corporation is one that has completely fulfilled the statutory formalities imposed by state corporation law in order to be granted corporate existence. In comparison, a de facto corporation is one that has acted in Good Faith and would be an ordinary corporation but for failure to comply with some technical requirements.

A de jure government is the legal, legitimate government of a state and is so recognized by other states. In contrast, a de facto government is in actual possession of authority and control of the state. For example, a government that has been overthrown and has moved to another state will attain de jure status if other nations refuse to accept the legitimacy of the revolutionary government.

De jure Segregation refers to intentional actions by the state to enforce racial segregation. The Jim Crow Laws of the southern states, which endured until the 1960s, are examples of de jure segregation. In contrast, de facto racial segregation, which occurred in other states, was accomplished by factors apart from conscious government activity.

de jure

adj. Latin for lawful, as distinguished from de facto (actual). (See: de jure corporation)

de jure

adjective according to law, authorized, auuhorized by law, by law, by order, by right of law, by statute, in accordance with law, in accordance with the ordinance, in accordance with the statute, in the eyes of the law, lawful, lawfully, legal, legally, legitimate, legitimately, licit, licitly, nomothetical, of right, sanctioned by law, within the law
Associated concepts: de jure board, de jure corporation, de jure director, de jure dissolution, de jure election, de jure judge, de jure marriage, de jure office, de jure officer, de jure sovereignty, de jure title
See also: jural

de jure

‘bylaw’.

DE JURE, by right. Vide De facto.

References in periodicals archive ?
Consider Palestinian history: The lack of a state contributed to Palestinian legal/sovereign vulnerability, for a powerful argument in support of de jure UN membership is its legal insulation against others' claims, disputations, and aggressions.
narrowly de jure segregation in public primary and secondary schooling;
This article argues that Federal Reserve de jure independence is far too uncritically accepted as a foundation for a stable financial and monetary environment.
Hoehn suggests that the transition to the sovereignty model could take time and calls for a consent-based consultation regime strictly limiting government while its authority remains de facto rather than de jure.
This region is interesting in a cross-country perspective because international comparisons of de jure indicators suggest that MENA countries are characterized by more marked gender discrimination in female labor participation and entrepreneurial activity than most other regions of the world.
The problems fall into three categories: first, classifications of the Bank of Japan that cannot be supported by review of the Bank of Japan's charter and history; second, misclassification because of an overreliance on the central bank's charter or de jure independence rather than de facto independence; and third, varying classifications for a given central bank that reflect differing subjective interpretation of the central bank's charter.
Considering the significance of the USA both back then and today, it is somewhat surprising that the process of pursuing de jure recognition from the USA has subsequently found relatively little coverage.
The Court has also used segregation as evidence of de jure discrimination.
Unlike the other agreements, there was no clause disclaiming this line as an international border, which was thereafter treated as it had been previously, as a de jure international border.
She cites as an example in this regard Velija Ramkovski who admitted to being the owner to Koha e Re, Vreme and Spic although de jure he is not so.
In an email, al-Saadi called the Interpol notice a "clear political decision to recognize the de jure authority of the National Transitional Council taken without appropriate regard to the current absence of a functioning, effective and fair system of justice in Libya," Fox News reports.
The signatories call on the Lebanese government to abolish the penal provisions that criminalize freedom of expression and to take responsibility in protecting human rights defenders against threats, revenge, pursuit or de facto or de jure discrimination," the statement added.