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Declaratives tend to surface when we are afraid: When either we or the institutions we value are questioned, we circle the wagons and load our weapons.
whether and how the structure of interrogatives differs from the structure of declaratives in addition to the presence of an interrogative marker.
In symmetric PIs, the structure of the interrogative does not differ from the structure of the corresponding declarative in any other way than the presence of the interrogative marker(s), whereas in asymmetric interrogatives additional structural differences vis-a-vis declaratives are found.
In symmetric paradigms, the correspondences between the members of the paradigms used in declaratives and interrogatives is one-to-one; thus, e.
In asymmetric paradigms, the correspondences between the members of the paradigms used in interrogatives and declaratives are not one-toone.
He proposed that pitch or tono is sufficient to distinguish imperatives from declaratives and that there are gradations and classifications in volitive intonations.
Kvavik investigates the proposed pragmatic distinction between imperatives and declaratives by examining utterance-level acoustics.
Kvavik (1987, 1988) examines imperatives and declaratives at the utterance level in a relatively small corpus of Cuban Spanish, often considered a nontypical dialect of Spanish, and concludes that there is some signaling of imperatives (increased range and duration), but that there is no uniform evidence of an imperative intonation.
Utterances with contrastive focus have increased local tonal F0 maxima in Spanish at a statistically significant level compared to neutral declaratives (de la Mota 1995, 1997; Face 2001).
However, the rapid increase did not affect affirmative declarative sentences.
The following paper will be based on an analysis of periphrastic do in affirmative declarative sentences in the Early Modern English part of the Helsinki Corpus.
In affirmative declarative sentences, however, an incipient grammaticalization--encoding various functions is obvious, but in neither of these functions could the use of do develop any degree of obligatoriness, which would have been an indicator of the accomplishment of this syntactic change.