deliberation


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deliberation

n. the act of considering, discussing, and, hopefully, reaching a conclusion, such as a jury's discussions, voting and decision-making.

deliberation

noun advisement, analysis, brooding, calculation, careful consideration, carefulness, caution, cerebration, circumspection, close attention, close study, cogitation, conscious purpose, consideration, consultatio, contemplation, contemplativeness, counsel, debate, deliberatio, determination prepense, discussion, distinct intention, examination, excogitation, forethought, heed, heedfulness, inquiry, inspection, intellection, level-headedness, logical discussion, mature considdration, mature reflection, meditation, pondering, prudence, ratiocination, reflection, rumination, sobriety, study, taking counsel, thinking out, thought, thoughtfulness, unhurriedness, wariness, watchfulness, weighing
See also: conference, conjecture, contemplation, conversation, council, dialectic, discretion, examination, forethought, hindsight, negotiation, parley, prudence, purpose, reflection, speculation, study, thought

DELIBERATION, contracts, crimes. The act of the understanding, by which the party examines whether a thing proposed ought to be done or not to be done, or whether it ought to be done in one manner or another. The deliberation relates to the end proposed, to the means of accomplishing that end, or to both.
     2. It is a presumption of law that all acts committed, are done with due deliberation, that the party intended to do what he has done. But he may, show the contrary; in contracts, for example, he may show he has been taken by surprise; (q.v.) and when a criminal act is charged, he may prove that it Was an accident, and not with deliberation, that in fact there was no intention or will. See Intention; Will.

DELIBERATION. legislation. The council which is held touching some business, in an assembly having the power to act in relation to it.
     2. In deliberative assemblies, it is presumed that each member will listen to the opinions and arguments of the others before he arrives at a conclusion.

References in classic literature ?
I was better informed of the distress they were in than themselves, having been told that a numerous body of Abyssins had posted themselves in a narrow pass with an intent to surround and destroy them; therefore, without long deliberation, I assembled my friends, both Portuguese and Abyssins, to the number of fourscore, and went to their rescue, carrying with me provisions and refreshments, of which I knew they were in great need.
As hitherto thou hast always followed my advice wholly or in part, follow and observe this that I will give thee now, so that, without mistake, and with mature deliberation, thou mayest satisfy thyself as to what may seem the best course; pretend to absent thyself for two or three days as thou hast been wont to do on other occasions, and contrive to hide thyself in the closet; for the tapestries and other things there afford great facilities for thy concealment, and then thou wilt see with thine own eyes and I with mine what Camilla's purpose may be.
Make up your mind then, or rather have your mind already made up, for the time of deliberation is over, and there is only one thing to be done, which must be done this very night, and if we delay at all will be no longer practicable or possible; I beseech you therefore, Socrates, be persuaded by me, and do as I say.
I will not amuse you with an appearance of deliberation when I have decided.
That they were individually interested in the public liberty and prosperity, and therefore that it was not less their inclination than their duty to recommend only such measures as, after the most mature deliberation, they really thought prudent and advisable.
All new laws, though penned with the greatest technical skill, and passed on the fullest and most mature deliberation, are considered as more or less obscure and equivocal, until their meaning be liquidated and ascertained by a series of particular discussions and adjudications.
This solemn deliberation he did not conceal; he rubbed his hands over his head, displacing the cap which covered its disastrous baldness.
With this promise the jarvey was prevailed upon to clamber to his place and drive, with hideous deliberation, to the door of the Lodge.
He helped himself to whiskey and water with great deliberation.
There was something fungoid in the oily brown skin, something in the clumsy deliberation of the tedi- ous movements unspeakably nasty.
So we stared at one another for two minutes; at last he turned with deliberation and dignity and went back again for two hours.
He kept his word; twice a day he cast out, through the barred aperture, the provisions his jailer brought him -- at first gayly, then with deliberation, and at last with regret.