deontology

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Related to deontologists: consequentialists
See: casuistry
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Each of the traditional and widely known objections to utilitarianism put forth by deontologists presupposes that pursuing fairness or justice comes at a very high price to utility (or welfare).
This assessment is not directly connected to the thinking of the deontologists mentioned earlier.
Deontologists will understand the virtues in terms of dispositions to respect and act in accordance with moral rules, or to perform morally right actions, where these moral rules or right actions are fundamental.
Deontologists can give substance to their disagreement with consequentialism by insisting that some things have value in virtue of the sorts of things they are, not simply in virtue of their contribution to the total amount of good in the world.
Rather than focusing on longstanding fights between consequentialists and deontologists, aretaic or virtue theorists are now seeking to construct a legal theory by applying the insights of virtue ethics to law.
Moreover, contemporary deontologists typically allow that maximizing good results (happiness, generally) is relevant to questions about right action, even if it is not the whole (or even the main) story.
Deontologists say that moral rightness or wrongness of an action is based on the intrinsic qualities of the action.
How these norms are founded is a further problem for deontologists, but that is not our worry here.
for constructions that maximize economic efficiency; deontologists argue
Perhaps in places Kant himself is an absolutist, but most contemporary deontologists are not absolutist: They allow that considerations of the good can be relevant, too.
In other words, human beings have the amazing ability to be deontologists and consequentialists at the same time.