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Related to deputy: deputy sheriff


A person duly authorized by an officer to serve as his or her substitute by performing some or all of the officer's functions.

A deputy sheriff is designated to act on behalf of the sheriff in regard to official business.

A general deputy or undersheriff, pursuant to an appointment, has authority to execute all of the regular duties of the office of sheriff and serves process without any special authority from the sheriff.

A special deputy, who is an officer pro hac vice (Latin for "for this turn"), is appointed to render a special service. A special deputy acts under a specific, rather than a general, appointment and authority.


Service of Process.


noun agent, alternate, ambassador, appointee, assignee, broker, commissary, commissioner, emissary, envoy, factor, intermediary, minister, plenipotentiary, proctor, procurator, proxy, representative, second, secondary, substitute, surrogate, vicar, vicarius, vicegerent
Associated concepts: de facto deputy, deputy commissioner, deputy marshal, deputy officer, deputy sheriff, general deputy, special deputy
Foreign phrases: Vicarius non habet vicarium.A deputy cannot have a deputy.
See also: acting, assistant, broker, coadjutant, conduit, factor, intermediary, liaison, medium, plenipotentiary, proctor, procurator, proxy, replacement, representative, spokesman, substitute, surrogate

DEPUTY. One authorized by an officer to exercise the office or right which the officer possesses, for and in place of the latter.
     2. In general, ministerial officers can appoint deputies; Com. Dig. Officer, D 1; unless the office is to be exercised by the ministerial officer in person; and where the office partakes of a judicial and ministerial character, although a deputy may be made for the performance of ministerial acts, one cannot be made for the performance of a judicial act; a sheriff cannot therefore make a deputy to hold an inquisition, under a writ of inquiry, though he may appoint a deputy to serve a writ.,
     3. In general, a deputy has power to do every act which his principal might do but a deputy cannot make a deputy.
     4. A deputy should always act in the name of his principal. The principal is liable for the deputy's acts performed by him as such, and for the neglect of the deputy; Dane's Ab. vol. 3, c. 76, a. 2; and the deputy is liable himself to the person injured for his own tortious acts. Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; Com. Dig. Officer, D; Viscount, B. Vide 7 Vin. Ab. 556 Arch. Civ. Pl. 68; 16 John. R. 108.

References in classic literature ?
Claudius Caesar hath set me here Rome's Deputy to be.
Some loose boards laid upon the ties supporting the rails of the railway supplied a footing for him and his executioners -- two private soldiers of the Federal army, directed by a sergeant who in civil life may have been a deputy sheriff.
I remember, in the beginning of Queen Elizabeth's time of England, an Irish rebel condemned, put up a petition to the deputy, that he might be hanged in a withe, and not in an halter; because it had been so used, with former rebels.
They were a deputy sheriff from Napa and a detective from San Francisco-- Holker and Jaralson, respectively.
His youth had long been a vexation to him, for he felt that the making of his career depended on his becoming a deputy.
To be elected deputy it was necessary to pay taxes to the amount of a thousand francs; and the miserable homestead of the des Lupeaulx was rated at only five hundred.
I determined to make him my deputy and a confederate in my schemes of benevolence.
On the stairs he met a couple--a lady running quickly on her high heels and the jaunty deputy prosecutor.
I told you you weren't late," the deputy prosecutor was saying at the moment when Levin moved aside to let the lady pass.
All us man-servants at Travellers' Lodgings is named Deputy.
I am the Deputy Lock, on job, and this is the Lock-house.
Now, shiny Villiam,' said the hostler to the deputy hostler,

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