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A person duly authorized by an officer to serve as his or her substitute by performing some or all of the officer's functions.

A deputy sheriff is designated to act on behalf of the sheriff in regard to official business.

A general deputy or undersheriff, pursuant to an appointment, has authority to execute all of the regular duties of the office of sheriff and serves process without any special authority from the sheriff.

A special deputy, who is an officer pro hac vice (Latin for "for this turn"), is appointed to render a special service. A special deputy acts under a specific, rather than a general, appointment and authority.


Service of Process.


noun agent, alternate, ambassador, appointee, assignee, broker, commissary, commissioner, emissary, envoy, factor, intermediary, minister, plenipotentiary, proctor, procurator, proxy, representative, second, secondary, substitute, surrogate, vicar, vicarius, vicegerent
Associated concepts: de facto deputy, deputy commissioner, deputy marshal, deputy officer, deputy sheriff, general deputy, special deputy
Foreign phrases: Vicarius non habet vicarium.A deputy cannot have a deputy.
See also: acting, assistant, broker, coadjutant, conduit, factor, intermediary, liaison, medium, plenipotentiary, proctor, procurator, proxy, replacement, representative, spokesman, substitute, surrogate

DEPUTY. One authorized by an officer to exercise the office or right which the officer possesses, for and in place of the latter.
     2. In general, ministerial officers can appoint deputies; Com. Dig. Officer, D 1; unless the office is to be exercised by the ministerial officer in person; and where the office partakes of a judicial and ministerial character, although a deputy may be made for the performance of ministerial acts, one cannot be made for the performance of a judicial act; a sheriff cannot therefore make a deputy to hold an inquisition, under a writ of inquiry, though he may appoint a deputy to serve a writ.,
     3. In general, a deputy has power to do every act which his principal might do but a deputy cannot make a deputy.
     4. A deputy should always act in the name of his principal. The principal is liable for the deputy's acts performed by him as such, and for the neglect of the deputy; Dane's Ab. vol. 3, c. 76, a. 2; and the deputy is liable himself to the person injured for his own tortious acts. Dane's Ab. Index, h.t.; Com. Dig. Officer, D; Viscount, B. Vide 7 Vin. Ab. 556 Arch. Civ. Pl. 68; 16 John. R. 108.

References in periodicals archive ?
Whatever the form of deputyship, it is the deputy's duty to take all necessary measures in order to increase and promote the person's own capacity to act in line with his/her will and preferences, or at least to express them where a decision has to be made on his/her behalf (above section II C 2.
Deputyship may be entrusted either to private persons (relatives, attorneys, health practitioners) or to public services.
4 of the European convention on Human Rights (Prohibition of Forced Labour), but such an imposed deputyship does not encourage or promote the prospect of a relationship of trust with the affected person.
400 [3] CC): such as by public services for their employees and by special 'help desks' (usually serviced by the official deputyship services) for the private deputies.
The aim of these provisions is to 'facilitate' the deputyship for close relatives, so as to induce them to accept the office.
Finally the affected person under a non-General Deputyship can exercise his or her political rights without any restriction due to the Protective Measure; this is also the case of the person under General Deputyship as long as he or she is capable of judgement (34).
2 The Residual Legal Capacity of Persons under Deputyship
Moreover, regardless of this approval process, the Protection Authority must rescind the measure at the request of the affected person, of persons close to the affected person or ex officio as soon as the grounds justifying the deputyship no longer exist (Art.
Protection Authorities still tend to be overprotective when deciding on a deputyship and shaping it; they also too often delay the amending or revoking of an 'over-reaching' protection.
Deputies employed in official deputyship services are much better educated in this respect.
He trained the new Protection Authorities and official deputyship services (of the French- and Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland) in the revised law.
24) For an example: Decisions of the Federal Supreme Court (BGE/ATF) 140 III 49, where the Court ruled that no Representative Deputyship was required for an elderly person in this particular case (even with a scope of tasks already reduced by the cantonal Appellate Court), the necessary assistance being wholly provided by the residential community which the person was living in (along with a monitoring--should the accommodation rate be increased--by the Protection Authority under Art.