reversal

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reversal

n. the decision of a court of appeal ruling that the judgment of a lower court was incorrect and is reversed. The result is that the lower court which tried the case is instructed to dismiss the original action, retry the case, or is ordered to change its judgment. Examples: a court which denied a petition for writ of mandate is ordered to issue the writ. A lower court which gave judgment with no evidence of damages is ordered to dismiss.

reversal

noun abolishment, abolition, about-face, annulment, backslide, cancellation, change, change of mind, check, countermandment, counterorder, disavowal, invalidation, inversion, nonapproval, nullification, overriding, overruling, overthrowing, rebuff, rebuke, recantation, renouncement, renunciation, repeal, repudiation, rescission, retraction, reversion, revocation, revokement, turnabout, undoing, voidance, voiding
Associated concepts: reversal of a lower court's decision
See also: annulment, cancellation, countermand, defeasance, discharge, negation, nollo prosequi, reconversion, recrudescence, relapse, repudiation, rescision, retraction, reversion, revocation

REVERSAL, international law. First. A declaration by which a sovereign promises that he will observe a certain order, or certain conditions, which have been once established, notwithstanding any changes that may happen to cause a deviation therefrom; as, for example, when the French court, consented for the first time, in 1745, to grant to Elizabeth, the Czarina of Russia, the title of empress, exacted as a reversal, a declaration purporting that the assumption of the title of an imperial government, by Russia, should not derogate from the rank which France had held towards her. Secondly. Those letters are also termed reversals, Litterae Reversales, by which a sovereign declares that, by a particular act of his, he does not mean to prejudice a third power. Of this we have an example in history: formerly, the emperor of Germany, whose coronation, according to the golden ball, ought to have been solemnized at Aix-la-Chapelle, gave to that city when he was crowned elsewhere, reversals, by which he declared that such coronation took place without prejudice to its rights, and without drawing any consequences therefrom for the future.

References in periodicals archive ?
28], who measured PEmax, sustained vowel prolongation (SVP), words per minute (WPM) in connected speech, and quality-of-life indices related to the presence of the dysarthria and dysphonia after 8 wk of EMST, followed by 4 wk of detraining.
Adiponectin levels increased only in the moderate-intensity and high-intensity exercise groups during training and then returned to baseline during detraining.
Following completion of the experimental (active) arm of the aforementioned RCT (n = 30 [4]), 10 consecutive participants were offered enrollment in a detraining phase of study (University of Florida [UF] Institutional Review Board [IRB] 195-2005).
The intriguing aspect of this study was the analysis of the effects of detraining for up to 2 weeks.
Baker S, Davenport P, Sapienza C (2005) Examination of strength training and detraining effects in expiratory muscles.
Possible explanations include medical conditions, or a detraining effect in response to a lifestyle that does not demand the use of walking at longer distances or speeds.
Oxidative stress responses in older men during endurance training and detraining.
The criteria we employed for labeling subjects inactive or sedentary were based on detraining data found in Pollock and Wilmore (1990).
there's new evidence that older people who strength train may see longer lasting effects than their younger counterparts, for whom significant reductions in muscle strength and endurance have been found in previous research after both long and short periods of detraining.
Though the effect of detraining is not well-documented in the research literature, a small body of evidence suggests that even short periods of inactivity may produce significant, but negative, alterations in physiological conditions and performance; that is, cause negative changes in maximum oxygen consumption (Max V[O.
Moreover, a training load reduction during OP could induce an insufficient training stimulus, leading to rapid short-term detraining due to a partial loss of training-induced physiological adaptations (e.
Neuromuscular adaptation during prolonged strength training detraining and re-strength training in middle-aged and elderly people.