capacity

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Capacity

The ability, capability, or fitness to do something; a legal right, power, or competency to perform some act. An ability to comprehend both the nature and consequences of one's acts.

Capacity relates to soundness of mind and to an intelligent understanding and perception of one's actions. It is the power either to create or to enter into a legal relation under the same conditions or circumstances as a person of sound mind or normal intelligence would have the power to create or to enter.

A person of normal intelligence and sound mind has the capacity to dispose of his or her property by will as he or she sees fit.

A capacity defense is used in both criminal and civil actions to describe a lack of fundamental ability to be accountable for one's action that nullifies the element of intent when intent is essential to the action, thereby relieving a person of responsibility for it.

An individual under duress lacks the capacity to contract; a child under the age of seven accused of committing a crime lacks criminal capacity.

capacity

(Aptitude), noun ability, ableness, aptness, capability, capableness, competence, competency, faculty, giftedness, potentiality, power, proficiency, qualification, range, reach, scope, skill, talent
Associated concepts: full capacity, lack of capacity, legal caaacity, lessened capacity, mental capacity, private capacity, proprietary capacity, quasi-judicial capacity, representative capacity, testamentary capacity, want of capacity
Foreign phrases: Sola ac per se senectus donationem testaaentum aut transactionem non vitiat.Old age does not alone and of itself vitiate a will, gift, or transaction. Furiosus stipulare non potest nec aliquid negotium agere, qui non intelligit quid agit. An insane person who knows not what he is doing, cannot contract nor transact any business. Furiosus nullum negotium contrahere potest. An insane person can make no contract. Furiosi nulla voluntas est. A madman has no will. Homo potest esse habilis et inhabilis diversis temmoribus. A man is capable and incapable at different times.

capacity

(Authority), noun accordance, allowance, authorization, certification, charter, consent, control, droit, enablement, jurisdiction, justification, leave, legal capacity, liberty, license, permission, permit, power, prerogative, privilege, qualification, right, sanction, sovereignty, stature, supremacy, warrant
Associated concepts: capacity to sue

capacity

(Job), noun assignment, function, position, role, situation, task

capacity

(Maximum), noun ampleness, amplitude, breadth, compass, comprehensiveness, containing power, extent, full complement, full extent, full volume, fullness, greatest amount, greatest extent, greatest size, holding ability, largeness, limit, limit of endurance, limitation, physical limit, plenitude, reach, room, scope, stretch, tankage, upper limit, volume

capacity

(Sphere), noun ambit, area, arena, bounds, division, domain, extent, field, jurisdiction, limits, orbit, pale, province, reach, realm, region, scope, specialty, stretch, territory
See also: ability, appointment, caliber, cargo, competence, coverage, employment, faculty, fitness, flair, gift, maximum, means, measurement, occupation, office, opportunity, penchant, performance, position, post, potential, propensity, province, pursuit, qualification, role, science, scope, space, sphere, sufficiency, technique

capacity

the ability of a person to effect a legal transaction. The paradigm natural person of full age and sound mind usually has full capacity. Others face limitations from time to time and system to system, such as, for example, the young, the mentally ill and corporations.

CAPACITY. This word, in the law sense, denotes some ability, power, qualification, or competency of persons, natural, or artificial, for the performance of civil acts, depending on their state or condition, as defined or fixed by law; as, the capacity to devise, to bequeath, to grant or convey lands; to take; or to take. and hold lands to make a contract, and the like. 2 Com. Dig. 294; Dane's Abr. h.t.
     2. The constitution requires that the president, senators, and representatives should have attained certain ages; and in the case of the senators and representatives, that out these they have no capacity to serve in these offices.
     3. All laws which regulate the capacity of persons to contract, are considered personal laws; such are the laws which relate to minority and majority; to the powers of guardians or parents, or the disabilities of coverture. The law of the domicil generally governs in cases of this kind. Burge. on Sureties, 89.

References in periodicals archive ?
The absolute difference was, however, relatively independent of the magnitude of the baseline diffusing capacity test.
Correlation of the degree of dyspnea with health-related quality of life, functional abilities, and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide in patients with systemic sclerosis and active alveolitis: results from the Scleroderma Lung Study.
Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon dioxide is usually the slowest parameter to improve; defects in diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon dioxide may persist depending on stage of disease at diagnosis.
Abbreviations: 6MWT = 6-minute walk test; BD = bronchodilator; Beck = Beck Depression Inventory; BMI = body mass index; Borg = Borg score for breathlessness, COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CPET = cardiopulmonary exercise testing; DLCO = single-breath diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide; FEV1 = forced expiratory volume in 1 second; GOLD = Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease; HRQL = health-related quality of life; LVRS = lung-volume-reduction surgery; MCS = Mental Component Summary; MOS SF-36 = Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form; NETT = National Emphysema Treatment Trial; NIH = National Institutes of Health; PCS = Physical Component Summary; QWB-SA = Self-Administered Quality-of-Well-Being Scale; RV = residual volume; SGRQ-TS = St.
1966) Pulmonary membrane diffusing capacity and pulmonary capillary blood volume.
Vital capacity and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (D[L.
Diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) was reduced as 4100 mL (55%).
The exclusion criteria were pregnancy; symptoms of heart failure, including class III or IV dyspnea (New York Heart Association); venous distension and recent major lower limb edema; pulmonary arterial hypertension (systolic arterial pressure >40 mmHg and/or mean artery pressure >25 mmHg, determined by echocardiography); severe pulmonary involvement (forced vital capacity or carbon monoxide diffusing capacity <50% of the predicted normal value); renal involvement (creatinine concentration > 106 [micro]mol/L); or severe disease complications such as cancer or gangrene.
After the man stopped keeping birds, his lung volume increased and diffusing capacity apparently improved slightly" (16 words).
In-hospital evaluation included a chest X-ray, which showed bilateral interstitial infiltrates, a high resolution computed tomography scan consistent with alveolitis, normal spirometry with a decreased diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, and nonspecific transbronchial biopsy findings.
During the parent trials, small, non-progressive differences in mean changes from baseline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) were observed in the AFREZZA group.
has been chosen as the instrument to measure Carbon Monoxide Diffusing Capacity (DLCO) for phase 2 of the COPDGene[sup.