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The early papers were concerned with responding to claims of the diffusionists or with summarizing existing knowledge for an Old World audience.
Richards framed his diffusionist argument around biblical chronology.
Rather than a simple diffusionist model flowing out of the hegemonic capital, he tells a cautionary tale in his finding of a constant interplay between the dominant power and its dependent cities -- with local elites, powerful landed families, and professionals a t the only university town of Padua often defying the logic of political and economic control through expression of cultural independence.
This introduction reveals the author's a priori, diffusionist, and reductionist assumptions, and thereby his limited experience with his subject.
As Bailey argues, "morphological rules affect lexical items in the diffusionist manner" (1977: 24), even if, as Bailey himself underlines, "implicational relationships among the changes which obtain in all subgroups of speakers" (1977: 24) are not precluded.
There has been a tendency, even in more sophisticated recent work, to present the public lecture in a simple diffusionist light, as a tightly controlled medium for the uncomplicated transmission of the values and ideologies of elites to the masses, or even as a relatively straightforward aspect of urban leisure.
Clearly Coe believes Covarrubias's heretical transpacific diffusionist theories may hold some truth.
However, we are not in favour of rekindling dynamics of a diffusionist nature (Cassen et al.
But then, as Lrvi-Strauss boldly remarked, also against the going diffusionist trend, 'the diversity of cultures is less a function of the isolation of groups than of the relationships that unite them' (1952:9).
The depth of black American nationalist subscription to Eurocentric diffusionist ideals and cultural narcissism, along with the implications of this for black American conceptions of national identity, especially in the context of the diaspora, have not been adequately explored.
These studies of reception build on the diffusionist arguments of the twentieth century and bring the study of objects' functionality into the contextual studies of the twenty-first century by exploring instances of social practice and human agency.