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First, the majority of published papers found small but statistically significant disemployment effects from modest minimum wage increases, while most of the rest of the studies found neither positive nor negative employment effects.
the disemployment effect appears stronger--when the sample comes from the CPS-MORG files than when the sample comes from the basic CPS.
Seen in combination, these results suggest that the disemployment in Japan is mainly driven by substitution between capital and labor, rather than the reallocation of labor caused by FDI.
4) Here one needs a discussion of bureaucratic capitalism and education for disemployment in an age of migrant workers and the desperate fear of unemployment.
By 1924, 15 states had enacted such laws, and they had significant disemployment effects (Thies, 1991, 2002).
As they state, "Moreover, when researchers focus on the least-skilled groups most likely to be adversely affected by minimum wages, the evidence for disemployment effects seems especially strong.
Neumark and Wascher (2007) review over 90 studies published since the iconoclastic Card and Krueger (1994, 1995) studies of the mid-1990s and conclude that there is overwhelming evidence that the least-skilled workers experience the strongest disemployment effects from minimum wage increases (see, for example, Neumark and Wascher 1992; Williams 1993; Deere, Murphy, and Welch 1995; Currie and Fallick 1996; Abowd et al.
The disemployment effects of the FLSA were felt mainly by unskilled African American workers in the South, who were most likely to work in jobs that paid less than the government-imposed minimum wage.
There are data, however, suggesting that, to the extent that the ADA has had disemployment effects, those effects have clustered in the states for which the statute's accommodation requirement was new.
Many claim that minimum wage hikes, for example, reduce employment among low-skilled individuals, although recent empirical research shows there is little or no disemployment effect from raising the minimum wage.
Such things reduce the disemployment effect, but nonetheless represent real costs, some of which are borne by those people who need the help.
And this will result in the disemployment of ten to fifteen thousand Indian bureaucrats.