district court


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District Court

A designation of an inferior state court that exercises general jurisdiction that it has been granted by the constitution or statute which created it. A U.S. judicial tribunal with original jurisdiction to try cases or controversies that fall within its limited jurisdiction.

A state district might, for example, determine civil actions between state residents based upon contract violations or tortious conduct that occurred within the state.

Federal district courts are located in places designated by federal law, hearing cases in at least one place in every state. Most federal cases, whether civil actions or criminal prosecutions for violations of federal law, commence in district court. Cases arising under the Constitution, federal law, or treaty, or cases between citizens of different states, must also involve an interest worth more than $75,000 before the district court can exercise its jurisdiction.

The federal district courts also have original and exclusive jurisdiction of Bankruptcy cases, and admiralty, maritime, and prize cases, which determine rights in ships and cargo captured at sea. State courts are powerless to hear these kinds of controversies.

A party can appeal a decision made in district court in the Court of Appeal.

Cross-references

Federal Courts.

district court

n. 1) in the federal court system, a trial court for federal cases in a court district, which is all or a portion of a state. 2) a local court in some states. (See: court)

district court

1 in Scotland a court of summary jurisdiction held by a stipendiary magistrate or one or more justices of the peace to deal with minor criminal offences.
2 in the USA a federal trial court serving a federal judicial district or in some states a court having general jurisdiction in a state judicial district.
3 in Australia and New Zealand a court lower than a high court.
4 a court in the Republic of Ireland.

DISTRICT COURT. The name of one of the courts of the United States. It is held by a judge, called the district judge. Several courts under the same name have been established by state authority. Vide Courts of the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Sixth Circuit also agreed with the Western District Court that it could not distinguish tenure rights from any other rights an employee might earn while working, such as seniority rights or litigation rights.
Until proposed regulations or other guidance is issued, taxpayers should find support in the FedEx precedent established by the district court and unequivocally reaffirmed by the Sixth Circuit.
The Fifth Circuit reversed on both grounds, vacated the District Court decision, and directed the District Court to consider whether the decedent's interest was an assignee or partnership interest.
The case was remanded to the United States District Court for further proceedings.
The Florida district court, however, rejected this argument, stating that the case-by-case approach advocated by the Minnesota decision was wrong and not practical.
The district court found Floyd liable for his portion of the payroll taxes.
In contrast, the district court held that majority control on the basis of voting power was not the only way to satisfy the need for control over a joint venture's governing board.
On March 26, 2002, the district court dismissed the action against all defendants.
In a pretrial motion, the district court ruled the regulation was too broad and thus invalid and that the interest would be deductible under section 162 if the Millers could prove the expense was "ordinary and necessary.
R prevailed and a Vermont district court entered judgment for approximately $900,000.
The defendants appealed and the appeals court affirmed in part and remanded to the district court for determination of the intent of the officials.

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