Additionally, some researchers have suggested that diversification holds special potential value as a natural hedging mechanism, thereby reducing an insurer's reliance on the need for more formal hedging mechanisms such as reinsurance, options, financial futures, etc.
This article investigates the relationship between product diversification and financial performance to test the claims of synergistic benefits associated with product diversification within the insurance industry.
First, the analysis controls for geographic diversification and interacts that variable with product diversification to reveal a far more complex relationship with firm performance than had been previously identified.
The relationship shared by diversification and firm performance has been the subject of significant investigation in the finance literature over the last 20 years.
For instance, Villalonga (2004) finds that the diversification discount reported in previous studies is an artifact of segment-level data reported by Compustat.
Paralleling the broader literature discussed above, the body of relevant insurance-specific literature offers varied support for the two competing hypotheses with respect to the value of diversification and firm performance.
The concept of managers and property type diversification holds that investors may combine investments and achieve good portfolio performance by investing in various property types focusing on the different management firms.
Miles and McCue (1982) tested diversification strategies in United States of America by dividing the country into four geographic regions and comparing this with a strategy that diversified the portfolio by property types.
The above, no doubt, is a pointer to the fact that there are many empirical studies justifying whether diversification by property types or by geographic or economic location is worth pursuing.
The benefits of managers diversification are measured in real estate market of Ikoyi and Victoria Island areas of Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria.
Following from the procedures described above, optimal portfolios are constructed and their efficiency compared with the various naive portfolios developed so as to determine the superiority or otherwise of the naive diversification schemes.