service

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Service

Any duty or labor performed for another person.

The delivery of a legal document that notifies the recipient of the commencement of a legal action or proceeding in which he or she is involved.

The term service has various meanings, depending upon the context of the word.

Under feudal law, tenants had a duty to render service to their lords in exchange for use of the land. The service required could take many forms: monetary payments, farm products, loyalty, attendance upon the lord as an armed horseman, carrying the king's banner, providing a sword or a lance, or plowing or other farm labor done for the king.

In contract law, service refers to an act or deed, rather than property. It is a duty or labor done by a laborer under the direction and control of the one for whom the service is performed. The term implies that the recipient of the service selects and compensates the laborer. It is the occupation, condition, or status of being a servant and often describes every kind of employment relationship. In addition, service may be used to denote employment for the government, as in the terms civil service, military service or the armed service, or public service.

In the area of domestic relations, the term refers to the uncompensated work, guidance, and upkeep an injured or deceased family member previously provided for the family; the injury or death of the provider of these services means that the work will have to be obtained from another source and at a price. In this context the term traditionally was restricted to the "services" of a wife under the theory that the husband's duty was to provide support and the wife's duty was to provide service. After injury to his wife, a husband could bring an action on his own behalf against the responsible party for compensation of the loss of her aid, assistance, comfort, and society. The modern view holds that a wife may also sue for the loss of assistance and society of her husband.

Service also means the delivery of a writ, summons and complaint, criminal summons, or other notice or order by an authorized server upon another. Proper service thereby provides official notification that a legal action or proceeding against an individual has been commenced.

Cross-references

Feudalism; Service of Process.

service

n. 1) paid work by another person, either by contract or as an employee. "Personal services" is work that is either unique (such as an artist or actor) or based on a person's particular relationship to employer (such as a butler, nanny, traveling companion or live-in health care giver). 2) the domestic activities of a wife, including the marital relationship (consortium), are legally considered "services" for which a deprived husband may sue a person who has caused injury to his wife. 3) the official delivery of legal documents ("service of process") such as a summons, subpena, complaint, order to show cause (order to appear to show reasons why a judge should not make a particular order), writ (court order), or notice to quit the premises, as well as delivery by mail or in person of documents to opposing attorneys or parties, such as answers, motions, points and authorities, demands and responses. (See: employment, personal services, loss of consortium, service of process)

service

(Assistance), noun abetment, advice, aid, attendance, backing, benefit, care, favor, guidance, help, helping hand, ministerium, ministration, opera, relief, succor, support, useful office, usefulness
Associated concepts: essential service, professional service, public service, service contract, service mark

service

(Delivery of legal process), noun commenceeent of an action, delivery of a writ, delivery of process, handing over legal papers, institution of proceedings, notiiication of legal action
Associated concepts: actual service of process, constructive service of process, personal service, service by mail, servvce by publication, service of notice, service of subpoena, service of summons, service rendered, special service, subbtituted service of process
See also: adhesion, agency, aid, avail, benevolence, bureaucracy, employment, fix, help, homage, loyalty, maintain, maintenance, office, post, profit, promotion, purpose, repair, reparation, servitude, sustain, upkeep, usage, use, utility, worth

SERVICE, contracts. The being employed to serve another.
     2. In cases of seduction, the gist of the action is not injury which the seducer has inflicted on the parent by destroying his peace of mind, and the reputation of his child, but for the consequent inability to perform those services for which she was accountable to her master or her parent who assumes this character for the purpose Vide Seduction, and 2 Mees. & W. 539; 7 Car. & P. 528.

SERVICE, feudal law. That duty which the tenant owes to his lord, by reason of his fee or estate.
     2. The services, in respect of their quality, were either free or base, and in respect of their quantity and the time of exacting them, were either certain or uncertain. 2 Bl. Com. 62.
     3. In the civil law by service is sometimes understood servitude. (q.v.)

SERVICE, practice. To execute a writ or process; as, to serve a writ of capias signifies to arrest a defendant under the process; Kirby, 48; 2 Aik. R. 338; 11 Mass. 181; to serve a summons, is to deliver a copy of it at the house of the party, or to deliver it to him personally, or to read it to him; notices and other papers are served by delivering the same at the house of the party, or to him in person.
     2. When the service of a writ is prevented by the act of the party on whom it is to be served, it will, in general, be sufficient if the officer do everything in his power to serve it. 39 Eng. C. L. R. 431 1 M. & G. 238.

References in periodicals archive ?
His bill to the chancellor was motivated less out of a concern for his own wellbeing than it was by the "great heinousness that divine service is not kept .
But even they were "written with an especial view to divine service.
High schoolers and adults will meet with the pastor to study "The Divine Service - What is it and why do we gather for it?
Thomas Samuel, Bishop of the CSI Madhya Kerala Diocese, will be the chief guest, and will lead the Divine Service prior to the festival.
Two Holmfirth area pubs, the Rose and Crown (alias The Nook) in the town centre and the Ford Inn on the Greenfield Road, are both recorded as being fined for serving beer during divine service.
On October 25, 1382, Thomas of Sheldon, John Colleshull, John Goldsmith, and William atte Slowe applied for a license to endow two chaplains who should celebrate divine service daily "in honour of God, our Lady his mother, Holy Cross, St Thomas the Martyr, and St Catherine, in the Church of St Martin of Birmingham".
The clause reads: 'I do hereby order and appoint that my executors shall cause to be erected and built, as soon as conveniently they may, a handsome, convenient, firm and durable chapel for the celebration of divine service and religious worship .
It's part of divine service -though one hopes anyone listening (and uplifted) would not let the collection plate pass by
There was never any thing by the wit of man so well devised, or so surely established, which (in continuance of time) hath not been corrupted as (emong other thinges) it may plainly appere by the common prayers in the Churche, commonlye called divine service.
Despite such minor errors, Hurowitz has successfully shown how the text is structured to reinforce a broader ideology about the rewards of divine service.
The editors remark that about two-thirds of the compositions contained in the volume are based on liturgical or sacred vocal compositions and that the remaining third were also intabulated for the purposes of divine service.